Child Abuse: Long-Lasting Consequences and Early Prevention
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This paper discusses the long-term consequences of child abuse and briefly describes two intervention programs that have been effective in its prevention. First the paper addresses the various forms child abuse may take. Then, it explains the potential consequences, including higher risk for criminal behavior and a host of psychological problems. Next, the paper highlights what it calls two outstanding programs for preventing physical abuse and neglect. These are the Nurse-Family Relationship (NFP) and Early Start programs. Both have early childhood programming and as such, their emphasis is on strengthening parenting practices and confidence, not only to prevent child abuse but social and behavioral problems in children as well. The paper concludes by stating that these home visitation programs are a potential means to curtail the damage of child abuse.
From the Paper:"There is considerable evidence on the "cycle of violence" that stems from child abuse; i.e., it is not surprising if victims themselves become perpetrators of crime later in life. Data from a National Youth Survey demonstrate that adolescent physical abuse has immediate and enduring effects on a variety of non-criminal and criminal offences such as vandalism, gang fights, robbery, drug and alcohol abuse, physical and sexual assault, and intimate partner violence (Fagan, 2005). Another study reports that neglect and physical abuse during childhood increases the likelihood of arrest as a juvenile and as an adult by 31 and 48%, respectively.
"Besides being at risk for aggressive behavior, which is an external mental health outcome, maltreated children are also at risk for internalising behavioral problems such as depression, anxiety, and suicidal tendencies. Sexual abuse and severe physical abuse victims are more likely than other types of victims to experience depression during childhood and also double their risk for attempted suicide in adolescence (Andrews et al, 2004; Widom, 1998; & Fergusson et al, 2008 in Gilbert et al, 2009). Studies also show associations between physical/sexual abuse or neglect and post-traumatic stress disorder (Putman, 2009; Grass-Oliveira et al, 2008). PTSD, characterized by frightening recurrent memories, sleep difficulties, and detached feelings, can be long-lasting and hence significantly affect the person's ability to function (Gilbert et al, 2009)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Fagan, Abigail A. (2005). The Relationship between Adolescent Physical Abuse and Criminal Offending: Support for an Enduring and Generalized Cycle of Violence. Journal of Family Violence, 20(5), 279-290. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from Academic Research Library database. (Document ID: 957789611).
- Gilbert, Ruth, Cathy Spatz Widom, Kevin Browne, David Fergusson, Elspeth Webb, Staffan Janson. (2009). Burden and consequences of child maltreatment in high-income countries. The Lancet, 373(9657), 68-81. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from Academic Research Library database. (Document ID: 1627420331).
- Grassi-Oliveira, Rodrigo, Lilian Milnitsky Stein. (2008). Childhood maltreatment associated with PTSD and emotional distress in low-income adults: The burden of neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(12), 1089. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from Academic Research Library database. (Document ID: 1634322831).
- Gonzalez, A. and HL MacMillan. (2008). Preventing child maltreatment: an evidence-based update. J. Postgrad Med. 54(4):280-6. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from PubMed database(Document ID: 18953147).
- MacMillan, Harriet, C Nadine Wathen, Jane Barlow, David M Fergusson, John M Leventhal, Heather N Taussig. (2009). Interventions to prevent child maltreatment and associated impairment. The Lancet, 373(9659), 250-66. Retrieved May 13, 2009, from Academic Research Library database. (Document ID: 1634514051).
Cite this Term Paper:
Child Abuse: Long-Lasting Consequences and Early Prevention (2011, November 05) Retrieved January 19, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/child-abuse-long-lasting-consequences-and-early-prevention-148761/
"Child Abuse: Long-Lasting Consequences and Early Prevention" 05 November 2011. Web. 19 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/child-abuse-long-lasting-consequences-and-early-prevention-148761/>