$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now
The paper explores the characteristics of autism spectrum disorder from which parents and early-education teachers can begin to recognize those suffering from the condition. The paper provides a basis for understanding the many, varied symptoms that can help in early intervention but highlights the core complexities in diagnosing the presence of autism.
From the Paper:"The DSM IV sets the series of conditions for identifying and diagnosing the variant of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) conditions according to the functional capacities of the individual with the disorder. Under the general heading of the Autism Spectrum Disorder there are a wide array of symptoms which need not necessarily all apply to an individual in order for said individual to be characterized as suffering form autism.
"To this end is a consideration of Asperger or Asperger's Syndrome, which describes possession of a host of symptoms relating to the Autism Spectrum Disorder but often distinguished there from by higher levels of awareness, functionality and linguistic development.. According to Klin et al (2000), "Asperger Syndrome (AS) is a serious and chronic neurodevelopmental disorder which is presently defined by social deficits of the type seen in autism, restricted interests as in autism, but, in contrast to autism, relative preservation of language and cognitive abilities." (Klin et al, 25) This also leads to a consideration of High Functioning Autism (HFA), thought by some researchers to be directly synonymous with Asperger Syndrome. This is a pertinent view, as quite often, those autism sufferers with higher developmental opportunities and a greater capacity for linguistic development will find greater opportunity to engage compensatory talents."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Autism Network International (ANI). (2002). Diagnostic Criteria for 299.00 Autistic Disorder. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM IV. Online at http://ani.autistics.org/dsm4-autism.html
- Baron-Cohen, S. (2000). Is Asperger's sundrome/High-functioning Autism necessarily a disability? Developmental and Psychopathology. Online at http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/7138/lobby/disability.htm
- Bishop et al. (2004). Using self-report to identify the broad phenotype in parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders: A study using the Autism Spectrum Quotient. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1431-1436.
- Easterbrook, G. (2006). In search of the cause of autism. Slate. Online at http://www.slate.com/id/2149002/
- Klin, A.; Volkmar, F.R. & Sparrow, S.S. (2000). Asperger Syndrome. Guilford Press.
Cite this Term Paper:
Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder (2011, December 30) Retrieved May 28, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/characteristics-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-149760/
"Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder" 30 December 2011. Web. 28 May. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/characteristics-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-149760/>