Changing Economic Paradigms Term Paper by feenikss

Changing Economic Paradigms
An analysis of the difficulties hunters-gatherers face when adapting a sedentary lifestyle and the negative outcomes of such adaptation.
# 94870 | 2,566 words | 8 sources | MLA | 2006
Published on May 10, 2007 in Anthropology (African) , Anthropology (Cultural) , Anthropology (Economic)

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This paper explores the difficulties that hunters-gatherers face, as they have to change their traditional way of life and adopt sedentary lifestyles in order to survive. The paper discusses this shift in economic paradigms and the negative consequences of it. It specifically discusses the various traditional values and customs of hunter-gatherer life, such as sharing and avoidance of accumulation of wealth that have had to be changed or abandoned.

From the Paper:

"Anthropologists have long thought of hunter-gatherers as the last unchanged societies on Earth. For years anthropologists have fought to protect the lifestyles of hunter-gatherers. Today, it is becoming ever clear that this is a losing battle and that hunter-gatherers must change if they are to survive. In many places, the change simply involves adapting new technology. The hunter-gatherers of the Arctic are now using rifles and vehicles to aid in their lifestyle; however African hunter-gatherers face a different problem. Unlike the people of the Arctic, African hunter-gatherers are facing issues of limited space and forced sedintarism. In essence, the African hunter-gatherers must change their entire way of life or they will die out. The goal of this paper is to explore the difficulties that African hunter-gatherers, and indeed all hunter-gatherers face when attempting to shift from hunter-gathering to other economic modes. Before we can accomplish this, it is necessary to distinguish between problems that affect individuals and problems that affect an entire group. We will first exact the difficulties an individual faces when shifting economic paradigms and move towards societal difficulty. We will then explain some difficulties that arise when a group shifts economic paradigms. Finally, we will expound why an economic change occurs at all, given the previously discussed difficulties."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Gregory, James R. 1975 Image of Limited Good, or Expectation of Reciprocity? Current Anthropology 16(1): 73-92.
  • Kelly, Robert L. 1995 The Foraging Spectrum. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press
  • Kent, Susan and David Dunn 1996 Anemia and the Transition of Nomadic Hunter-Gatherers to a Sedentary Life-Style: Follow-Up Study of a Kalahari Community. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 99(3): 455-472.
  • Layton, Robert, Robert Foley and Elizabeth Williams 1991 The Transition between Hunting and Gathering and the Specialized Husbandry of Resources. Current Anthropology 32(3): 255-274.
  • Lee, Richard B. 2003 The Dobe Ju/'hoansi--3rd Edition. Ontario: Wadsworth Thomson Learning.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Changing Economic Paradigms (2007, May 10) Retrieved April 18, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Changing Economic Paradigms" 10 May 2007. Web. 18 April. 2024. <>