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This paper examines the underlying factors of drug and alcohol addiction, then presents various treatments that are being used to overcome it. First, the paper gives statistics about the number of drug and alcohol abusers in the US. Then, it suggests various theories and causes for addiction, particularly that it is a disease. Other factors are considered as well, such as a genetic component and the use of denial when confronted about addictive behaviors. Next, the paper explores treatment options for when abusers acknowledge that there is a problem. Finally, the paper discusses differences in addiction between males and females. The paper concludes by stating that drug abuse is a multifaceted disorder in which treatment programs can help get the addict through the withdrawal symptoms and educate him about his disorder.
From the Paper:"In looking at various theories and causes, the most common reason popularized by Alcoholic Anonymous is that alcoholism/addiction is a disease (Addiction, 1994). In tracing family histories, addiction tends to run in families. Science has found that 50% of people with addictions have family history of the disorders (Leggio, et al, 2009). An addiction is when there is a growing dependence on a substance in which use amounts must continue to increase to create the same effect; withdrawal causes negative physical and cognitive symptoms; and there is an intense effort to continue to attain substance leading, at times, to unlawful behavior.
"For many years, substance abuse has earned a reputation of the addict being possessed by "evil spirits" (Els & Campbell, 2007). Although some things have changed, most of society still observes the behavior of the addict as one who can is making a personal choice about use. The belief as if it is a lack of willpower still ranges wide in the world (Els & Campbell, 2007). The true cause of substance abuse lies in a combination of physiological, psychological, genetic, behavioral, and environmental factors. The total sum of all lies in the brain."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Addiction: A whole new view. (1994, September). Psychology Today, 27(5), 32.
- Alcoholic Anonymous (2001). Alcoholics Anonymous (4th ed.) Alcoholics Anonymous World Services, Inc. NY.
- Charl Els, & William G Campbell. (2007). Addiction Is a Mental Disorder, Best Managed in a (Public) Mental Health Setting-But Our System Is Failing Us/Addiction Is Treated by All Domains of Our Society/Response to Dr Campbell/Response to Dr Els: The New Psychiatry Will Treat the Disordered Mind of the Addict, Not the Diagnosis. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 52(3), 167-174.
- Chen, G.. (2009). Gender Differences in Crime, Drug Addiction, Abstinence, Personality Characteristics, and Negative Emotions. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 41(3), 255-66.
- Howard, M, McMillen, C., Nower, L., Elze, D., & et al. (2002). Denial in addiction: Toward an integrated stage and process model--qualitative findings. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 34(4), 371.
Cite this Term Paper:
Causes and Treatments for Chemical Addiction (2012, October 19) Retrieved April 21, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/causes-and-treatments-for-chemical-addiction-151888/
"Causes and Treatments for Chemical Addiction" 19 October 2012. Web. 21 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/causes-and-treatments-for-chemical-addiction-151888/>