Causes and Cellular Mechanisms of Cancer Term Paper by Rifkhan

Causes and Cellular Mechanisms of Cancer
A brief review of both the causes and cellular mechanisms of cancer.
# 153725 | 762 words | 6 sources | APA | 2013 | SA
Published on Nov 19, 2013 in Biology (Molecular and Cell) , Medical and Health (General)

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The paper discusses the causes of cancer that include smoking, genetic factors and viruses. The paper describes the cellular mechanisms of cancer that explain how cancer cells develop and how they spread and attack the body cells. The paper concludes that although we have not yet won the "war against cancer", we have made immense progress against this disease, and we are moving ever closer to the day when cancer can be managed as a chronic disease, much like an infection or diabetes.

What is Cancer?
Causes of Cancer
Cellular Mechanisms of Cancer

From the Paper:

"One significant cause of cancer is smoking. According to the National Cancer Institute, smoking causes 30% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. and is responsible for 87% of cases of lung cancer. Not only does it affect the lungs, it can cause kidney, pancreatic, cervical, and stomach cancers (Fayed 2006). Tobacco smoke is a powerful carcinogen. A 'carcinogen' is something that can help to cause cancer (CancerHelp-UK 2010). Carcinogens cause carcinogenesis which is the genetic change that occurs initially due to the chemical DNA interactions between the cells. It is known as tumor initiation. Hence, the cells are irreversibly altered and therefore they have higher tendencies of forming malignant tumors, which results in rapid proliferation, causing cancer.
"Moreover another cause of cancer is the genetic factors. For this to occur there needs to be a number of genetic mutations within a cell before it can become cancerous. But sometimes a person is born with one of these mutations already."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • CancerHelp UK 2010, What causes cancer?, Cancer Research UK, London, viewed 12 September, 2010, <>.
  • Cummings, MR 2008, Human heredity: principles & issues, 8th edn, Cengage Learning, Belmont, CA, pp. 284-290.
  • Fayed, L 2006, The Causes and Risk Factors of Cancer, Cancer, viewed 13 September 13, 2010, <>.
  • Jaggi, OP 2005, Cancer: Causes, Prevention and Treatment, Orient Paperbacks, New Delhi, p. 27.
  • MedlinePlus 2010, Cancer, U .S. National Library of Medicine(NLM) and National Institutes of Health(NIH), Bethesda, MD, viewed 12 September, 2010, < cancer.html>.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Causes and Cellular Mechanisms of Cancer (2013, November 19) Retrieved October 19, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Causes and Cellular Mechanisms of Cancer" 19 November 2013. Web. 19 October. 2021. <>