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This paper looks at the diminishing sand on beaches in California.and specifically examines the issues involved in beach management. The paper addresses the options of federally funded beach rebuilding, regular sand replacement and beach replenishment, and considers their limitations and practicality.
From the Paper:"Visitors to southern California this summer looking for sun, sand and surf may need a snorkel to find the sand. Winter waves, powered by El Nino, have stripped away an estimated 5 million cubic yards of sand, enough to fill 250,000 dump trucks. The waves have lowered many beaches by as much as 15 feet; some are now bare rock.
"The damage matters. Southern California's 300 miles of beaches - from San Luis Obispo in the north to Imperial Beach at the Mexican border - are worth about $10 billion to the state's economy, on some estimates, and provide half a million jobs.
'Although this winter was not as bad as the last big El Nino, in 1982-83, the waves were powerful and persistent, pounding the coastline from December well into April. Many beaches had not fully recovered from the previous El Nino, so the damage was cumulative. And the damming of rivers inland means that fewer streams are now feeding sand back into the ocean, from where it can return to the beaches.
"Southern California has to choose: replace the sand, or leave the beaches alone. Leaving them alone appeals to scientists and environmentalists. California's coastline is naturally eroding; the argument goes, so perhaps it should be left to get on with it. As Orrin Pilkey, a Duke University geologist (and scourge of coastal developers everywhere), points out, ''once you start protecting the coast, you can't stop.''"
Cite this Term Paper:
California Beaches (2003, October 17) Retrieved December 02, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/california-beaches-40858/
"California Beaches" 17 October 2003. Web. 02 December. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/california-beaches-40858/>