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The paper explores the vulnerabilities of community services structures, educational facilities, healthcare facilities and office buildings in dealing with fires and earthquakes. The paper addresses how the structure itself deals with gravity and the role that proper maintenance plays in ensuring the building's safety. The paper highlights the need for adherence to fire codes and intelligent design practices.
From the Paper:"The construction of Educational facilities also presents their own challenges and advantages. In schools, it is imperative to follow strict fire guidelines in order to provide safety for the children within the building itself. Modern school designers have been moving towards designing smaller schools in order to facilitate a more acceptable teacher to student ratios. Yet smaller schools tend to get crowded fast, and so designers are faced with keeping the building safe through fluctuating student body numbers. The challenge of providing a fire safe area, designers and project managers have to accommodate new ways to deal with smaller schools, as well as keep up traditional standards seen in larger school building which caters to a much higher student body. One major element of modern school building is the attempt to try and keep the environment as clean and sustainable as possible; "From an environmental perspective, concerns for the health and well-being--particularly young students--are increasing interest in the improved performance and fabric of school structures," (WBDG Subcommittee 2009). This means using sustainable material and non-toxic materials along with natural features like incorporating sunlight into the design. This helps in the event of a fire or other type of disaster for it reduces the risk of unhealthy chemicals and materials to be exposed to heat and fire."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brannigan, Frances L. (2007). Brannigan's Building Construction for the Fire Service. Jones & Barlett
- Carr, Robert F. (2009). Health care facilities. Whole Building Design Guide. Retrieved August 23, 2009 at http://www.wbdg.org/design/health_care.php.
- Conway, Brian. (2009). Office building. The Planning Site, LLC. National Institute of Building Sciences. Retrieved August 23, 2009 at http://www.wbdg.org/design/office.php.
- INEE. (2009). Guidance Notes on Safer School Construction: Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery. Prevention Web. Retrieved August 23, 2009 at http://www.preventionweb.net/files/10478_GuidanceNotesSaferSchoolConstructio.pdf.
- National Institute of Building Sciences. (2009). Community Services. Whole Building Design Guide. Retrieved August 23, 2009 at http://www.wbdg.org/design/communityservices.php.
Cite this Term Paper:
Building Design and Construction in Emergency Situations (2012, January 30) Retrieved August 14, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/building-design-and-construction-in-emergency-situations-150232/
"Building Design and Construction in Emergency Situations" 30 January 2012. Web. 14 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/building-design-and-construction-in-emergency-situations-150232/>