Brown v. BOE - An Analysis
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This paper presents an analysis of the famous US Supreme Court case dealing with segregation in schools, Brown versus the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. First, the paper gives a background to the case, citing that is was made up of five other cases. Then, it briefly discusses the practice of segregation that was in place at the time in public schools. The case Plessy versus Ferguson is noted as upholding school segregation. Next, the paper describes the arguments before the Supreme Court in the Brown case, particularly that segregation of schools systems constituted a violation of 14th Amendment rights for African-American students. The paper concludes by showing the outcome of the case, which was the abolishing school segregation across the US.
Brown v. Board of Education
Brown v. Board of Education
From the Paper:"The original Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka case was heard in 1951. In this case, the US District Court unanimously held that "no willful, intentional or substantial discrimination" existed in Topeka schools. The court had essentially found that the facilities in the black schools were comparable to those in the white schools and that decisions such as Sweatt v. Painter only applied to graduate education, not the public school system (National Archives, no date).
"This original case had been launched by Oliver Brown with the backing of the local chapter of the NAACP. The activist group had been waiting for an opportunity to challenge school segregation. The NAACP provided the lawyers to help them try the case, with Brown and several other African-American parents (JRank.org, 2010). The other cases that eventually were rolled into the Brown case were also sponsored by the NAACP. The NAACP had to that point been building a groundswell in the African-American community for increased activism against segregation.
"Indeed, the case was mainly brought upon the Board of Education of Topeka by the local chapter of the NAACP. Its leader, a man by the name of McKinley Burnett, spearheaded the effort to file the suit and gathered the plaintiffs. He had been attending school board meetings for two years in an attempt to plead his case against segregation..."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brown Foundation for Educational Equity. (2004). Brown v. Board of Education: About the case. Brown Foundation for Educational Equity. Retrieved March 13, 2010 from http://brownvboard.org/summary/
- Cozzens, L. (1999). Plessy v. Ferguson. Watson.org. Retrieved March 13, 2010 from http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/post-civilwar/plessy.html
- National Archives. (no date). Timeline of events leading to the Brown v. Board of Education decision, 1954. Retrieved March 13, 2010 from http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/brown-v-board/timeline.html
- JRank.org. (2010). Brown v. Board of Education: 1954 - NAACP takes on Topeka Board of Education. JRank.org. Retrieved March 13, 2010 from http://law.jrank.org/pages/3053/Brown-v-Board-Education-1954-NAACP-Takes-on-Topeka-Board-Education.html
- No author. (2004). Black, white and brown. PBS. Retrieved March 13, 2010 from http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/law/jan-june04/brown_05-12.html
Cite this Term Paper:
Brown v. BOE - An Analysis (2012, November 09) Retrieved July 10, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/brown-v-boe-an-analysis-152001/
"Brown v. BOE - An Analysis" 09 November 2012. Web. 10 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/brown-v-boe-an-analysis-152001/>