Brain Based Learning Theories Term Paper

Brain Based Learning Theories
An overview of several brain-based learning/teaching theories.
# 153655 | 2,453 words | 20 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on Aug 19, 2013 in Education (Teaching Methods) , Education (Theory)

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This paper reviews some new and revised brain-based learning/teaching theories that include the universal design of learning theory, the social-connectedness/cognitive connectedness instructional model, the cognitive load theory and Bloom's revised taxonomy. The paper concludes by emphasizing the concepts of schema, schemata or long term memory acquired through exposure to varied stimuli and experiences, and the concept of collaboration.

Instructional Models and Framework

From the Paper:

"The principles of Universal Design of Learning were initially articulated by the Center for Applied Specific Technology (CAST), a leading educational research and development organization. According to CAST (2013), UDL "provides a blueprint for creating instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments that work for everyone--not a single, one-size-fits-all solution but rather flexible approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs" (p. 1). It assumes that equal opportunities to learn should be the dominant factor in curriculum design. UDL puts emphasis on the influences culture have on learning. Human brains are constantly being shaped and reshaped by interactions with the environment where the environment's physical, social and cultural components affect the way the brain build cognition. Students bring to class a variety of experiences from their environments and these should be tapped to validate the student's starting point and optimize challenges within their range of zone of proximal development (Chita-Tegmark, M., Serpa, Mdl. B., Gravel, J.W., Domings, Y. and Rose, D., 2012)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Anderson, L. W., Krathwohl, D. R., Airasian, P. W., Cruikshank, K. A., Mayer, R. E., Pintrich,
  • P. R., Raths, J., Wittrock, M. C. (2000). A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: Pearson, Allyn & Bacon.
  • Big Dog & Little Dog's Performance Juxtaposition (2013). Bloom's taxonomy of learning domains. Retrieved on July 5, 2013 from Author.
  • CAST (2011). Universal Design for Learning Guidelines version 2.0. Wakefield, MA: Author.
  • Chita-Tegmark, M., Serpa, Mdl. B., Gravel, J.W., Domings, Y. and Rose, D. (2012). Using the universal design for learning framework to support culturally diverse learners. Journal of Education. 192 (1).

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

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MLA Format

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