Body Image and Self-Esteem Term Paper by Nicky

Body Image and Self-Esteem
An overview of studies on the media, self-esteem in males and females and consumer masculinity.
# 148836 | 2,374 words | 9 sources | APA | 2011 | US


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Description:

The paper reviews numerous studies that indicate the strong relationship between body image, self-esteem and societal standards of attractiveness. The paper points out the media's models of thinness for females and muscularity for males and discusses today's trend of consumer masculinity encouraging men to obsess over their appearance. The paper clearly shows how the obsession in today's society with weight and body form, for both men and women, is having its impact on males and females of all ages.

From the Paper:

"When the "Bikini Girl" walked on stage at the American Idol final, it was very apparent that Americans are continue to be very influenced by body image. This comes as no surprise given the strong emphasis in the media and by the diet food marketers about weight. Nor is this obsession with weight only related to women. Men are increasingly being concerned with their physique, weight, hair and, the newest issue, body hair. Studies show that both men and women have lower self-esteem when seeing magazines with models who have the "perfect" build. The studies noted here clearly indicate the strong relationship between body image, self-esteem and societal standards of attractiveness.
"In her book Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women, and Children, Sarah Grogan, director of the Centre for Health Psychology at Staffordshire University, explains that recently there has been an increased academic interest in body image.
Researchers from a variety of disciplines are interested in what is influencing people's experiences of embodiment and the effect of body image on behavior. The significant increase in cosmetic surgery operations, issues about unhealthy eating and growth of pharmaceuticals to make men and women more muscular. The sociology of the body was established as a specific discipline by Bryan Turner (1991), who provided the term "somatic society" as a description of the newfound emphasis on the body by contemporary society. Grogan argues that in order to understand this body image phenomenon, it is necessary to consider the cultural milieu where people with this concern function. She states that women's dissatisfaction with their body is normative in societies that support a very narrow range of acceptable body shapes. She emphasizes the place that learning and culture play in dictating what women and men consider ideal."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Ata, R.N., Ludden, A.B., & Lally, M. (2007). Consumer Masculinity Behavior Among College Students and Its Relationship to Self Esteem and Media SignificanceJournal of Youth and Adolescence 36(8) 1024-1036
  • Boroughs, M., Cafri, Guy, & Thompson, K. (2005) Body Depilation: Prevalence and Associated Features of Body Hair Removal. Sex Roles. 52(9-10), 637
  • Calogero, R.M, Thompson, (2009) Sexual Self-Esteem in American and British College Women: Relations with Self-Objectification and Eating Problems Sex Roles. 60(3-4) 160-174
  • Conseur, A., Hathcote, J.M., & Kim, S.(2008). The Effects of Gender and Family, Friend, and Media Influences on Eating Behaviors and Body Image During AdolescenceSex Roles. 58(7-8) 549-556.
  • Grogan, S. (2008) Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women, and Children, London: Taylor and Francis.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Body Image and Self-Esteem (2011, November 07) Retrieved September 15, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/body-image-and-self-esteem-148836/

MLA Format

"Body Image and Self-Esteem" 07 November 2011. Web. 15 September. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/body-image-and-self-esteem-148836/>

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