Biological Factors and Criminal Tendencies
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This paper discusses studies on genetic influences on antisocial and aggressive behavior and looks at evidence that genes may act to influence people's susceptibility or resistance to environmental risk factors. The paper describes how a child's temperament, which is defined as a natural mood disposition determined largely by genetics and biological influences, influences criminal behavior, and also relates that in utero experiences may play a role in a person's predisposition towards crime. Finally, the paper looks at Hans J. Eysenck's theory of crime and how he measures the impact of extraversion and neuroticism on criminal tendencies.
From the Paper:"One of the most closely watched series of twin studies is the longitudinal research now being conducted in the United Kingdom with a large sample of twins in 1994, 1995 and 1996 in England and Wales. This study explores behavior problems as well as problematic development in language, cognition and academic abilities from early childhood through adolescence. It has been found that with respect to antisocial behavior, heritability plays a very modest role. Another method that is often used to identify crucial variables in the interaction between heredity and environment is the adoption study. This helps to identify environments that are most conducive to criminality. Twin and adoption studies have suggested that genetic components may contribute moderately to a tendency to become a criminal, especially pertaining to nonviolent crime, but they have also found that environment is very important. According to Biopsychologists, the data shows that some people may be born with a biological disposition to behavior that runs counter to social values and norms, but environmental factors may either inhibit or facilitate it. Genes may not influence criminal behavior directly, but genes may act to influence people's susceptibility or resistance to environmental risk factors."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bartol, Curt R. and Bartol, Anne M. (2010). Origins of Criminal Behavior: Biological Factors. Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach. (p. 53-84). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Cite this Term Paper:
Biological Factors and Criminal Tendencies (2013, March 15) Retrieved January 29, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/biological-factors-and-criminal-tendencies-152551/
"Biological Factors and Criminal Tendencies" 15 March 2013. Web. 29 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/biological-factors-and-criminal-tendencies-152551/>