Behavioral Theory in Counseling
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This paper discusses the theoretical model of behavioral theory and looks at its techniques and its use of therapeutic relationships. The paper explains how new behaviors are learnt through operant or classical conditioning, and relates that behavioral therapy is particularly effective for treating panic disorder, phobias and obsessive-compulsive disorder. The paper also points out the use of cognitive behavioral therapy enhanced (CBT-E) for treating eating disorders. The paper does note, however, that behavioral approaches are not always the best solution, and thus, it is imperative to understand the nature of the problem and the goals of treatment.
From the Paper:"In classical conditioning, it is believed that behaviors which happen repeatedly over time need reinforcement; failure to do this would result into weaker strength of such behaviors or they could diminish. In this case, clients are regularly exposed to certain behaviors they are used to but are not allowed to do them again because they are what need to be change. It is observed that this practice, over time, leads to extinction in undesirable behavior and adoption of better ones (Okun & Kantrowitz, 2007). This technique assumes that people learn from their environments, and these are major influence of behavior. For instance, in counseling clients affected by substance abuse, clients are exposed to cues that physically arouse their desire in that substance but are not allowed to have them. Over time it is observed that the desire for such substances subsides and the behavior may as well reduce to manageable levels (McLeod, 2007)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Corey, G. (2009). Theory and Practice of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
- McLeod, S. (2007). Behaviorism. Simply Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/behaviorism.html
- Neukrug, E. (2010). Counseling Theory and Practice. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
- Okun, B, F., & Kantrowitz, R. E. (2008). Effective Helping, Interviewing and Counseling Techniques. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Cite this Term Paper:
Behavioral Theory in Counseling (2013, November 26) Retrieved February 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/behavioral-theory-in-counseling-153734/
"Behavioral Theory in Counseling" 26 November 2013. Web. 21 February. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/behavioral-theory-in-counseling-153734/>