Behavior and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
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The paper outlines Skinner's model of behavior therapy, and how it focuses on operant conditioning or reactions to stimuli. The paper then explores rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) and explains how it focuses on resolving behavioral patterns, emotional problems and individual psychological disturbances. The paper emphasizes how REBT is intellectually based and since individuals tend to have difficulty in using skills for higher level reasoning, REBT is more limited in its use.
From the Paper:"Skinner is the "father" of Operant Conditioning, but his work was based on Thorndike's law of effect. Thorndike's view of learning and conditioning took classical conditioning (associations between events) further in that he posited a "Law of Effect" - in which any behavior followed by pleasant consequences will be repeated, any followed by negative consequences likely stopped. Skinner takes Thorndike and adds a twist - Reinforcement. In other words, behavior that is reinforced tends to be repeated and strengthened; behavior which is not reinforced tended to die-out, or be weakened. Skinner coined the term "operant conditioning," meaning changing of behaviors by the use of reinforcement. For Skinner, there are three types of responses, or operands, that relate to behavior: neutral --responses that neither increase nor decrease behavior; reinforces - responses that, in all probability, will increase the behavior (be that positive or negative); and punishers - responses from the environment that decrease the likelihood of a behavior, designed to weaken it (Berger, 2008). In classical condition, one is training a response through association; in operant condition, trying to acquire or extinguish a behavior through association. Classical is about response to stimuli, operant about behaving a certain way because of stimuli. Instrumental condition is operant condition that pairs a response with reinforcement and only gives a reward when the correct response is given. Operant conditioning brings a result based on stimuli that is contingent upon the operand's response."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Berger, V. (2008). Famous Psychologists: B.F. Skinner. Cited in:http://www.psychologistanywhereanytime.com/famous_psychologist_and_psychologists/psychologist_famous_b_f_skinner.htm
- Dryden, W. and M. Neenan. (2005). Getting Started with REBT. New York: Routledge.
- Ellis, A. (1994). Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing Group.
- Hotherstall, David, (2003), History of Psychology, McGraw Hill.
- Mishlove, J. (2004). "Philosophy in Psychotherapy with Albert Ellis." The Intuition Network. Cited in: http://www.intuition.org/txt/ellis.htm
Cite this Term Paper:
Behavior and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (2013, April 09) Retrieved February 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/behavior-and-rational-emotive-behavioral-therapy-152645/
"Behavior and Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy" 09 April 2013. Web. 21 February. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/behavior-and-rational-emotive-behavioral-therapy-152645/>