Basics of Biology Term Paper by Nicky

A review of basic biology concepts.
# 150163 | 1,927 words | 8 sources | MLA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 29, 2012 in Biology (General)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


The paper explains the characteristics that differentiate living things from non-living things, the process of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, the functions of white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets and why cells need to use energy. The paper looks at the work of Gregor Johann Mendel in the field of genes and discusses both DNA and RNA. Finally, the paper explains what viruses are.

Living and Non-Living Things
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration
White Blood Cells, Red Blood Cells and Platelets
Why Cells Use Energy

From the Paper:

"Nutrition means that living things eat to stay alive (Buckley 2003). Plants use energy from light to produce their food, while animals feed on plants or other animals. Respiration means that living things must breathe in oxygen to produce energy and function. Plants breathe in carbon dioxide and breathe out oxygen for use by animals. Excretion means that they eliminate matter, which they do not need. Examples are sweat, urine and feces. Reproduction means that living things reproduce their own kind or offspring like themselves. Growth means that they become bigger as they grow older. Sensation means that they perceive and react to stimuli in the environment, such as sound and light. Movement means that most living thinks change location or position. Most animals can move easily. Plants move in the direction of light. Transport means that living things must move things inside the cell or organism. Secretion means living things release specialized substances, like oils, hormones and enzymes. Metabolism refers to energy processes within a living thing or organism, which sustain its life. And regulation refers to internal balance within the organism in spite of internal and external changes (Buckley).
"Other scientists believe that living things possess seven characteristics, which distinguish them from non-living things (ThinkQuest Team 2000). Living things or organisms are made up of cells, need energy to survive, reproduce their own kind, display hereditary patterns, respond to stimuli in the environment, maintain homeostasis or balance, and evolve and adapt to the demands of survival (ThinkQuest Team)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Alberts, Bruce; Johnson, Alexander; Lewis, Julian; Raff, Martin; Roberts, Keith; and Walker, Peter. Catalysis and the Use of Energy by Cells. Molecular Biology of theCell, 4th edition, 2002. New York: Garland Science. Retrieved on September 11,2009 from
  • Buckley, James M., Jr. Living vs Non-Living. Dewego City Schools District: Regents Exam Prep Center, 2003. Retrieved on September 11, 2009from
  • Hardwick, J. Marie. Virus. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia: Microsoft Corporation, 2009. Retrieved on September 11, 2009 from
  • Microsoft Encarta. Mendel's Laws. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia:Microsoft Corporation, 2009. Retrieved on September 11, 2009 from's_Laws.htm
  • Smith, Brian Richard. Blood. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia: Microsoft Corporation, 2009. Retrieved on September 11, 2009 from

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Basics of Biology (2012, January 29) Retrieved May 24, 2022, from

MLA Format

"Basics of Biology" 29 January 2012. Web. 24 May. 2022. <>