Auto Industry Bailout and Interest Groups Term Paper by Nicky

An examination of the lobbying behind the Auto Industry Financing and Restructuring Act.
# 149784 | 2,950 words | 5 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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The paper provides some history and background of lobbying and explores how the various interest groups, some that had been at odds with each other for most of their history, came together in order to lobby Congress to get this bill passed. The paper examines Congressional testimony, campaign donations to political leaders and grassroot efforts used to mobilize voters in order to get members of Congress to support this bill. The paper points out that lobbying and associated interest groups activities are legal, however, it appears that reform in Washington is greatly needed in this area, as demonstrated by the amount of contributions and those who were on the receiving end of these large contributions. Several charts, tables and figures are included in this paper.

Overview of Organized Interests in Washington
HR 7321
Interest Group Lobbying
Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Organized interests in Washington are stated to include those in the following categories: (1) Business and trade organizations; (2) professional associations; (3) organized labor; (4) Farm Organizations; (5) Women's Organizations; (6) religious groups; (7) Public interest groups; (8) single interest groups; (9) Ideological groups; and (10) government lobbies. (Dye, 2008)
"The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees the right to lobby in its citation which states that the right exists to "petition the government for a redress of grievances." (Dye, 2008) The government however, can and does regulate lobbying. Lobbyists are required through the Regulation of Lobbying Act to "register and report what they spend" however, many of the lobbying groups have not ever registered.
"The top ten rated lobbyists in terms of the power that they hold in Washington are stated by Dye to include those as follows: (1) American Association of Retired Persons; (2) American Israel Public Affairs Committee; (3) AFL-CIO; (4) National Federation of Independent Business; (5) Association of Trial Lawyers of America; (6) National Rifle Association of America; (7) Christian Coalition; (8) American Medical Association; (9) National Education Association; and (10) National Right to Life Committee. (Dye, 2008) It is stated by Dye (2008) that lobbyists pursue a combination of the following seven general strategies as follows: (1) public relations; (2) access; (3) information; (4) Grass-roots mobilization; (5) protests and demonstration; (6) coalition building; and (7) campaign support. (Dye, 2008)"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Auto Industry Bailout: House Members Voting 'Yes' Received 65% More from Auto Industry Interest Groups than those Voting 'No'(2008) MapLight 11 Dec 2008. Online available at:
  • Goldstein, Kenneth M. (1999) Interest Groups, Lobbying and Participation in America. Arizona State University. Online available at:
  • Biggest PAC Contributors Boost Spending (2009) Under the Influence - National Journal 23 April 2009. Online available at:
  • Tripathi, Micky; Ansolabehere, Stephen; and Jr, James M. Snyder (2002) "Are PAC Contributions and Lobbying Linked? New Evidence from the 1995 Lobby Disclosure Act," Business and Politics: Vol. 4 : Iss. 2, Article
  • Dye, Thomas R. (2008) Interest Groups: Getting Their Share and More. 2008. Politics in America. Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Auto Industry Bailout and Interest Groups (2012, January 01) Retrieved March 23, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Auto Industry Bailout and Interest Groups" 01 January 2012. Web. 23 March. 2023. <>