Architecture in India Term Paper by Master Researcher

Architecture in India
A look at the religious architecture in India.
# 36107 | 900 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Sep 23, 2003 in Architecture (Ancient) , Religion and Theology (Eastern)

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This paper provides a review of the religious symbolism in the architecture of the Hindu temples in India. The paper finds that over time, the temple architectural style has changed, but the religious symbolism in the carvings, the location and even the actual grid were and are all derived from the motif of religion.


From the Paper:

"In about AD 1000, the Hindu temple, Kandarya Mahadeva was constructed based on the square, the Hindu image of the universe, the contours of the building, featuring multiple layers of cornices and projections, modeled on Mt. Kailasa, the Himalayan peak. Its exotic sculpture makes this extraordinary building a veritable cornucopia of fertility symbolism. [2]
"The temples of Khajuraho present an environment that is artistically, spiritually, and sexually stimulating. Designed in the extravagant Chandella style, several clusters of carved temples rise like mountain ranges into the sky over the plains of central India. The temples have erotic carvings dating back to the 10th century. Puritanism of almost any kind was wholly absent in ancient India.
"On the outside walls of the temples, sculptures of women joyfully copulating with horses, birds massaging human breasts, and endowed males servicing a multitude of maidens in a multitude of ways. Some sculptures are explicit in their portrayal of same-sex love. Erotic art and colorful displays of sexual activity are commonly found in temple architecture throughout India. In almost every temple dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva, are stone figures of large phalluses (lingams) and female vulvas (yonis). Indian religion actually promotes union between the sexes to a much fuller extent than mere copulation. [4]"

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