Anterograde and Retrograde Amnesia
$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now
The paper describes the four basic forms of learning; perceptual learning, stimulus-response learning, motor learning and relational learning, and looks at the memory problems that occur in anterograde amnesia and in retrograde amnesia. The paper focuses on two case studies of amnesia and the patients' different patterns of memory loss.
From the Paper:"The four basic forms of learning are: perceptual learning, stimulus-response learning, motor learning, and relational learning. Perceptual learning is learning in which experience with a set of stimuli makes those stimuli easier to distinguish. Perceptual learning is conceptually similar to priming in that prior experience improves recognition. It differs in that priming generally improves the speed with which familiar or recently observed stimuli are recognized whereas perceptual learning leads to an increased ability to make fine distinctions between highly similar stimuli.
"Stimulus-response learning is a process that a sensory event from the outside world, enters the system; for example, the image of a bird enters the eye as a visual stimulus. The stimulus causes fluid to flow through hollow tubes from the eyes to the brain, and then to be "reflected" back as an outgoing motor response. Such a pathway from the sensory stimulus to the motor response is called reflex.
"Just as various brain regions are specialized for processing sensory inputs, other brain regions are specialized for processing outputs to control movements. In particular, activity in the primary motor cortex (M1) generates coordinated movements. M1 is located in the frontal lobe, adjacent to S1 in the parietal lobe and it sends output to the brainstem, which turn sends instructions down the spine to activate motor fibers that control muscles."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Carlson, N. R. (2010). Physiology of Behavior. Boston: Pearson.
- Scoville, W., & Milner, B. (1957). Loss of recent memory after bilateral hippocampus lesions. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat., 1957, 20, 11.
Cite this Term Paper:
Anterograde and Retrograde Amnesia (2012, June 24) Retrieved December 05, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/anterograde-and-retrograde-amnesia-151523/
"Anterograde and Retrograde Amnesia" 24 June 2012. Web. 05 December. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/anterograde-and-retrograde-amnesia-151523/>