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This paper examines Dissociative Identity Disorder(DID) and its relationship to amnesia, further considering both the controversy of DID and handling DID as an established disorder. Additionally, the paper addresses whether there is real amnesia between the different identities, and, if so, how to confirm if it is real or not. The paper lists the various symptoms of DID and guidelines for its diagnosis. Then, the paper presents a literature review of research that deliberates the validity of amnesia with DID patients. Various studies and research articles are noted along with their finds and suggestions for treatment. The paper concludes by calling for more research in this area.
From the Paper:"There has been an abundance of research that deliberates the validity of amnesia with DID patients (Dorthy et al., 2004 ; Kong et al., 2008). The research conducted by Dorthy et al. (2004) attempted to test the working memory function, in relation to the part of memory that focuses on processing and storing information and dealing with selective attention in DID patients. This research sought to assess, if there were memory faults, what specific processes are flawed and which personalities these faults or amnesia are exhibited, in either the emotional personalities that recognize the extreme trauma the person underwent, or the personalities that are dissociated with the trauma. Participants for this research included DID patients, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients, schizophrenic patients, depression patients, and non-clinical patients, or those without any reported psychological disorders. The procedure included assessing markers using the flanker task. The flanker task was comprised of three horizontally aligned stimuli, and the flanker, or distractor, stimuli differed from the target stimulus. The participants were required to name the target stimulus as quickly as they could. The study included negative priming conditions and positive priming, or distractor, conditions."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Allen, J. J. B., & Iacono, W. G. (2001). Assessing the validity of amnesia in dissociative identity disorder: A dilemma for the DSM and the courts. Psychology, Public Policy, And Law, 7(2), 311-344. doi:10.1037/1076-89188.8.131.521
- Dorahy, M. J., Irwin, H. J., & Middleton, W. (2004). Assessing markers of working memory function in dissociative identity disorder using neutral stimuli: Acomparison with clinical and general population samples. Australian & New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry, 38(1/2), 47-55.
- DSM-5: The Future of Psychiatric Diagnosis. (2012). DSM-5. Retrieved from http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevision/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=57#
- Elzinga, B. M., Phaf, R. H., Ardon, A. M., & van Dyck, R. (2003). Directed forgetting between, but not within, dissociative personality states. Journal Of Abnormal Psychology, 112(2), 237-243. do:10.1037/0021-843X.112.2.237
- Huntjens, R. C., Postma, A., Peters, M. L., Portmanteau, E., & van red Hart, O. (2003). Interidentity amnesia for neutral, episodic information in dissociative identity disorder. Journal Of Abnormal Psychology, 112(2), 290-297. do:10.1037/0021-843X.112.2.290
Cite this Term Paper:
Amnesia in Dissociative Identity Disorder (2012, June 08) Retrieved August 11, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/amnesia-in-dissociative-identity-disorder-151365/
"Amnesia in Dissociative Identity Disorder" 08 June 2012. Web. 11 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/amnesia-in-dissociative-identity-disorder-151365/>