Alternatives to Traditional Criminal Justice Term Paper by Nicky

Alternatives to Traditional Criminal Justice
A discussion on both the field of victimology and alternatives to the traditional criminal justice system.
# 146734 | 1,300 words | 5 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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The paper discusses the field of victimology and its behavior analysis of victims of violence. The paper then considers alternatives to incarceration and relates that programs which prevent, treat and rehabilitate the offender have been gaining popularity. The paper then focuses on alternative penalties for tax compliance violators and the role of mediation as a means of reducing the load for criminal litigation. The paper looks at shaming penalties and considers the consequences of alternative sanctions. The paper concludes with the assertion that before alternative sanctions are fully systematized, decision-makers need to be aware of their social consequences.

Alternatives to Incarceration
Alternative Penalties to Tax Compliance Violators
Mediation as Alternative
Consequences of Alternative Sanctions

From the Paper:

"The behavior analysis of victims of violence shows that 75% of them experience emotional distress, often consisting of fear, anxiety, nervousness, self-blame anger and shame (Dillenburger, 2007). In many case, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder develops. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association lists the behaviors from which a diagnosis is made. The victim's first response consists of fear, helplessness or horror after exposure to a traumatic experience. If the experience recurs, intense psychological distress or physiological reaction develops. The third behavior is persistent avoidance of the stimuli in thoughts, feelings, activities and interest. Then, persistent symptoms of increased arousal, difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep, irritability or anger outbursts, difficulty in concentrating, extreme cautiousness, and exaggerated response of surprise (Dillenburger)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Dillenburger, K (2007). A behavior analytic perspective on victimology. InternationalJournal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy: Behavior Analyst Online. Retrievedon March 27, 2009 from;col1
  • Gondles, J. A., Jr. (2002). Alternatives to incarceration mentality emerging. CorrectionsToday: American Correctional Association, Inc. Retrieved on March 27, 2009 fromhttp://findarticles/com/p/articles/mi_hb6399/is_7_64/ai_n28964723?tag=content;col1
  • Max, C. A. IV (2007). Hand-holding, brow-beating and shaming into compliance. Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law: Vanderbilt University School of Law.Retrieved on March 27, 2009 from;col1
  • Netter, B. (2005). Avoiding the shameful backlash: social repercussions for the increased use of alternative sanctions. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology:Northwestern University School of Law. Retrieved on March 27, 2009 from;col1
  • Teninbaum, G. H. (2007). Easing the burden mediating misdemeanor criminal matters.Dispute Resolution Journal: American Arbitration Association. Retrieved onMarch 27, 2009 from;col1

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Alternatives to Traditional Criminal Justice (2011, January 14) Retrieved June 01, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Alternatives to Traditional Criminal Justice" 14 January 2011. Web. 01 June. 2020. <>