Adoption Processes in Different Countries Term Paper by Nicky

A review and analysis of adoption processes in China, the Philippines and Ethiopia.
# 151133 | 1,098 words | 4 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 23, 2012 in Asian Studies (General) , Child, Youth Issues (General)

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The paper explores the nature and dynamics of child adoption in China, the Philippines and Ethiopia, and identifies the differences in child adoption processes across these countries. The paper discusses the popularization of international or foreign adoption in the US and how it is due to the politics and economics that drive adoption processes in these countries.

From the Paper:

"There is no standard adoption process for American families who wish to adopt a child from another country. According to Freivalds (2009), the process of adopting a child internationally means going through a process that may be distinct and different from other countries. Specifications such as the cost of adoption, parent's/parents' age/s, family status, and timeline (i.e., start to completion of adoption) depends on the country from which the family or parents will be adopting a child. Further into her report in the 2009 Adoption Guide, Freivalds informed that American families usually adopt children from countries in the African, Asian, Eastern Europe, and Latin American regions. The age of children allowed for adoption is up to 15 years old, and the process is usually (and ideally) mediated by "private, nonprofit adoption agencies." Parents are advised to allow a budget of up to $40,000 to facilitate completion of the adoption process. The author also reported that compared to domestic adoption (i.e., adoption within the US), international adoption is relatively easier in terms of requirements, conditions, and timeline. These are the reasons why foreign adoption is increasingly becoming a trend and may eventually become the prevailing practice in child adoption in the US."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Freivalds, S. (2009). "2009 Adoption Guide." Adoptive Families Magazine. Available at:
  • Gross, J. and W. Connors. (2007). "Surge in adoption raises concern in Ethiopia." The New York Times. Available at:
  • Johnson, K. (2002). "Politics of International and Domestic Adoption in China." Law & Society Review, Vol. 36, No. 2.
  • "Simpler child adoption laws pushed." (August 2009). ABS-CBN News Online. Available at:

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Adoption Processes in Different Countries (2012, May 23) Retrieved March 05, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Adoption Processes in Different Countries" 23 May 2012. Web. 05 March. 2021. <>