A Review of Problem-Oriented Policing Term Paper

A look at problem-oriented policing (POP) and its methods of implementation.
# 149902 | 1,410 words | 6 sources | APA | 2011
Published on Jan 11, 2012 in Criminology (General)

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The paper relates that problem-oriented policing (POP) is an increasingly effective means of combating crime. The paper examines the history of POP in policing organizations, its key elements and common implementation methods. The writer of this paper believes POP should be supported as a means of effective crime prevention in the United States and abroad.

History of POP
Elements of POP
Common POP Implementation

From the Paper:

"In an effort to increase police effectiveness in the late 1970s, various researchers, policymakers and police professionals began investigating numerous elements of policing (CPOP, 2011). Research indicated that many foundational elements of policing, such as "random patrol, rapid response, and follow-up criminal investigations" were limited (2011, p.1). It was these limitations that led to the development of POP.
"Early POP research has provided significant insights. Most importantly, researchers realized that there was a vast portion of police responsibility that did not specifically involve criminality. Many community problems, for example were not criminal; it was also found that communities valued the involvement of police in noncriminal issues (CPOP, 2011). Other research noted that there are "a variety of methods to redress recurrent problems" that can be used by police; furthermore officers needed to have the ability to create community-based solutions to problems since they work within the community (2011, p.1). Perhaps most importantly, research demonstrated the ineffectiveness of arrest and prosecution, in many instances, to resolve community problems.
"The first implementation and consequent evaluation of POP occurred in the Newport News, Virginia Police Department in the mid-1980s (CPOP, 2011). POP is now used in many police agencies internationally, including the US, "the United Kingdom, Canada, Scandinavia, Australia, and New Zealand (p. 1). Since its conception in the early 1980s, POP has focused on problem evaluation, analysis, practical response development and strategic engagement with other resources such as government and local agencies (CPOP, 2011)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Braga, A.A. (2007). Effects of Hot Spots Policing on Crime. Retrieved from:http://www.sfi.dk/graphics/Campbell/reviews/Hot_spots_policing_review.pdf
  • Center for Problem-Oriented Policing.(2011). History of Problem-Oriented Policing. Retrieved from: http://www.popcenter.org/about/?p=history
  • Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. (2011).The SARA Model. Retrieved from: http://www.popcenter.org/about/?p=sara
  • Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. (2011). The Problem Analysis Triangle. Retrieved from: http://www.popcenter.org/about/?p=triangle
  • Goldstein, H. (2001). What is POP?The Center for Problem-Oriented Policing. Retrieved from: http://www.popcenter.org/about/?p=whatiscpop

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

A Review of Problem-Oriented Policing (2012, January 11) Retrieved May 31, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/a-review-of-problem-oriented-policing-149902/

MLA Format

"A Review of Problem-Oriented Policing" 11 January 2012. Web. 31 May. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/a-review-of-problem-oriented-policing-149902/>