The Effect of Using Recycled Steel Fiber on Environmental Impacts of Concrete Application Research Proposal by Nicky

The Effect of Using Recycled Steel Fiber on Environmental Impacts of Concrete Application
A research proposal on the environmental impact of infrastructure decay.
# 149302 | 872 words | 4 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Dec 05, 2011 in Environmental Studies (Recycling) , Research Designs (General)

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This research proposal is broken down into separate sections in order to provide the basics for the larger research paper's subject. The paper will look at the the decay of infrastructure what effect these left over materials will have on the environment. The main focus is on steel fiber in construction. The proposal end with a series of recommendations on how to counter the environmental impact.

Background of the Study
Purpose of Study
Research Questions
Initial Review of Literature

From the Paper:

"The work of Wu, Lim and Li (1994) states that there has been much in the way of recent attention directed toward the United States in terms of its "rapidly deteriorating infrastructure." (p.1828) Stated as the main cause of the infrastructure decay is material deterioration with cracking behavior identified as the factor that is most important in determining durability and lifetime of concrete structures. The environmental factors that will be considered in concrete infrastructure sustainability include the factor of the increase in earthquakes in recent years. In addition to this is the consideration of climate change and factors that are related to those changes that will be considered in the research proposed herein. Concrete cracking behavior results from environmental strain which may include those stated as follows: (1) dry shrinkage; or (2) thermal change in concrete structures that have boundary conditions that are restrained. (Wu, Lim and Li, 1994, paraphrased) This type of shrinking/cracking behavior in paved concrete structures is common and most particularly for "large surface-to-volume ratio structures such as highway pavement, slabs for parking garages, and walls." (Wu, Lim and Li, 1994, p.1828) The work of Vilkner, Meyer and Shimanovich states that the most important mechanical property of concrete is that of "compressive strength...because it correlates strongly with other properties such as tensile strength and many durability properties." (Date Unknown, p.5) It is additionally related by Vilkner, Meyer, and Shimanovich that the addition of fibers to a concrete mix is never for the purpose of additional strength and that the consideration of strength is only significant "...insofar as the addition of fibers should not reduce it below the value specified by the producer." (Date Unknown, p.5)"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Vilkner, G., Meyer, C. and Shimanovich, S. (Date Unknown) Properties of Glass Concrete Containing Recycled Carpet Fibers. VILKNER, Glass Concrete with Carpet Fibers. Civil Engineering Columbia University. Online available at:
  • Aoude, Hassan, Cook, William D, Mitchell, Denis (2009) Behavior of Columns Constructed with Fibers and Self-Consolidating Concrete. ACI Structural Journal 1 May 2009. Online available at:
  • Klemens, Tom (2004) New Fibers Add Flexibility: Precast Concrete is an Ideal Use for the Product. The Concrete Producer. 1 April 2004. Online available at:
  • Hwai-Chung Wu, Yun Mook Lim and V. C. Li (2004) Application of Recycled Tyre Cord in Concrete for Shrinkage Crack Control. Journal of Materials Science Letters. 22 Oct 2004. Vol. 15. No. 20 reprint of 1996 journal article. Online available at:

Cite this Research Proposal:

APA Format

The Effect of Using Recycled Steel Fiber on Environmental Impacts of Concrete Application (2011, December 05) Retrieved March 01, 2024, from

MLA Format

"The Effect of Using Recycled Steel Fiber on Environmental Impacts of Concrete Application" 05 December 2011. Web. 01 March. 2024. <>