The Death Penalty as a Deterrent against Crime in Texas?
A research proposal on capital punishment and deterrence with the aim of supporting the argument that the death penalty does not act as a deterrence to future murders in Texas.
# 153286 | 3,116 words | 11 sources | APA | 2013 |
Published on May 17, 2013 in Criminology (Criminal Justice and Corrections) , Hot Topics (Capital Punishment)
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The paper explores the research on the death penalty's ability to deter murder and examines Isaac Ehrlich's 1975 work that supports the argument that the death penalty acts as a deterrence to future murderers. The paper finds, however, that shortly after his important work, many other equally sufficient studies came out to point to the errors in Ehrlich's study and provide evidence to suggest that capital punishment has no deterrence effect at all. This proposal aims to gather reputable peer-reviewed articles on the deterrence of homicides in Texas using different models to illustrate the flaws in the argument that the death penalty deters homicides and to reach a greater understanding of why there have been such disparate results and evidence on this topic.
From the Paper:"In 1975, Ehrlich published a paper arguing that executions prevent murders in the United States. Since that time, there has been quite a debate in our country over whether or not the death penalty acts as a deterrent to future homicides. There have been decades of academic dissection of capital punishment and deterrence to attest to the fact - some arguing that the death penalty does deter homicides and some arguing that the death penalty does not deter homicides.
"The reintroduction of capital punishment in 1976 that ended the four-year moratorium on executions generated by the Supreme Court in the 1972 decision Furman v. Georgia has allowed researchers to employ state-level heterogeneity in the use of capital punishment to study deterrent effects (Cohen-Cole, Durlauf, Fagan, & Nagin 2009). Yet, there isn't any scholarly consensus as to their magnitude. Cohen-Cole, Durlauf, Fagan, and Nagin (2009) claim that this is because there are different models being used across studies which have produced differing estimates of the deterrent effect. The researchers note that because differences across models are not well motivated by theory, the deterrence literature is beleaguered by model uncertainty (2009). Therefore, when analyzing deterrent effects, there needs to be explicit recognizing of the presence of model uncertainty when it comes to drawing inferences (2009)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bowers, W.J., & Pierce, G.L. (1975). The illusion of deterrence in Isaac Ehrlich's research on capital punishment. The Yale Law Journal,85(2): 187-208.
- Cloninger, D.O., & Marchesini, R. (2001). Execution and deterrence: A quasicontrolled group experiment. Applied Economics,33(5): 569-576.
- Cloninger, D.O., & Marchesini, R. (2006). Execution moratoriums, commutations and deterrence: the case of Illinois. Applied Economics,38(9): 967-973.
- Cohen-Cole, E., Durlauf, S., Fagan, J., & Nagin, D. (2009). Model uncertainty and the deterrent effect of capital punishment. American Law and Economics Review,11(2): 3335-369.
- Dezhbakhsh, H., & Shepherd, J.M. (2006). The deterrent effect of capital punishment: Evidence from a 'Judicial Experiment.' Economic Enquiry,44(3): 512-535.
Cite this Research Proposal:
The Death Penalty as a Deterrent against Crime in Texas? (2013, May 17) Retrieved September 26, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/research-proposal/the-death-penalty-as-a-deterrent-against-crime-in-texas-153286/
"The Death Penalty as a Deterrent against Crime in Texas?" 17 May 2013. Web. 26 September. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/research-proposal/the-death-penalty-as-a-deterrent-against-crime-in-texas-153286/>