Organ Donation and Government Policy Research Proposal by Nicky

A study of whether government policies and marketing issues impact organ donations in the United States.
# 149803 | 10,922 words | 76 sources | MLA | 2011 | US


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Description:

While organ donations such as hearts, lungs and kidneys represent a potential life-saving gift for thousands of Americans each year, it remains unclear whether some information approaches increase the rate of organ donation more than other approaches. This paper proposes a study to examine whether or not knowledge-based or value expression-based approaches identified in survey research as positively related to organ donations are significant in field research. The paper also provides a background on the history of organ donation including its legal setting and policy issues.

Outline:
Background
History of Organ Transplantation
History of End-State Renal Failure and Dialysis
History of Blood, Semen and Other Fluids and Tissue Donations
Modern Organ Transplant History
Legal Setting
Policy Issues
Current Literature Review
Associated Policy Theories
What Motivates (or Deters) Organ Donation
Methodology
Data Used in the Study
Analysis
Using Census Data for Aggregate Attributes
Hypothesis and Regression Equation

From the Paper:

"Two major advances in medical research and technology occurred in the 1970s. Cyclosporine was developed in the 1970s and approved for distribution in 1983 (Kaserman and Barnett, 2002). Cyclosporine inhibits the recipient's rejection response which increases long-term survival rates. The second medical advance solved the problem of maintaining organs in a viable state for a longer period or time once removed from the body. In the 1980s Dr. Starzl introduced a procedure for 'core cooling' that extended the viability of donor organs to allow time to excise and then transport donor organs to the host location (www.wikipedia.org). These two advances, cyclosporine and cooling technology for organ transportation, moved organ transplantation into the second level of scarcity, quasi-natural, as organs could now be transplanted based on organ matching criteria with non-living donors rather than on family relationship and living donors. In 2002, 76% to 94% of heart, liver, pancreas and kidney transplant recipients survived one year or more. (Kaserman and Barnett, 1998, Consumer's Research Magazine, p. 10; OPTN/SRTR 2002 Annual Report) "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Alexander, Shana. 1962, They Decide Who Lives, Who Dies: Medical miracle puts moral burden on small committee. Life Magazine, 102-125.
  • Altman, Lawrence K. 2008, December 17. First U.S. face transplant described. The New York Times, A18.
  • Andreoni James; "Impure Altruism and Donations to Public Goods: A Theory of Warm-Glow Giving," The Economic Journal; June 1990; 100 401.
  • Beard, T. Randolph, David L. Kaserman & Richard P. Saba. 2006. Inefficiency in cadaveric organ procurement. Southern Economic Journal, 73(1), 13-14.
  • Ben-David, Orit Brawer. 2005. Organ donation and transplantation: Body organs as an exchangeable socio-cultural resource. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Cite this Research Proposal:

APA Format

Organ Donation and Government Policy (2012, January 01) Retrieved December 02, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-proposal/organ-donation-and-government-policy-149803/

MLA Format

"Organ Donation and Government Policy" 01 January 2012. Web. 02 December. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-proposal/organ-donation-and-government-policy-149803/>

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