Biopsychosocial Source of Stress Research Proposal

Presents a research proposal to look at the impact of the environment and perceived emotional stress on physical pain especially repetitive stress injury (RSI).
# 151368 | 5,430 words | 34 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Jun 08, 2012 in Psychology (Experimental) , Research Designs (General) , Labor Studies (General)

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After an extensive literature review, this paper describes a study, based on the biopsychosocial model, to investigate the consequences of the physical and psychological environment on perceived emotional stress accompanied by physical stress. Next, the author details an experiment using a between-subject design, conducted with a sample of healthy computer users, performing stressful tasks in either a positive or negative environmental setting. The paper concludes that the results of the study should provide evidence of the impact of the physical and psychological environment on emotional stress, which in turn influences physical stress, especially in the case of repetitive stress injury (RSI), as predicted by the biopsychosocial model,

Table of Contents:
Literature Review
Current Studies
Materials and Stimuli

From the Paper:

"Common psychological characteristics influencing pain perception include negative attributions, external locus of control, catastrophizing, and somatization. According to Granot and Lavee's (2005) as well as Molton and his colleagues' (2009) researches, catastrophizers typically describe their pain excessively negatively, exaggerate their attention to the pain, evaluate their ability to cope with the pain pessimistically, and consequently increase their own pain perception. Somatization is characterized by multiple physical complaints caused mainly by anxiety and often associated with chronic pain syndromes. Both catastrophizing and somatization are significant predictors of greater pain intensity and pain interference, poorer psychological functioning, and more frequent dependency on analgesics and healthcare services.
"Personality is also believed to influence development of and coping with RSI. Analysis in personality factors of chronic pain patients shows that sufferers generally have higher neuroticism and alexithymia tendencies, but not extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. Soares and Grossi's (2000) study on chronic pain patients reveals that self-esteem is negatively correlated with anxiety and depression, but positively with pain intensity and active coping. Furthermore, the relationship between pain intensity and self-esteem is shown to be subject to the presence of symptoms of anxiety and emotional distress.
"Biopsychosocial models of pain indeed consider anxiety the psychological state most highly associated with pain. People who have high anxiety sensitivity are anxious for fear of any potential or impending anxiety or stress."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Aaras, A., Dainoff, M., Ro, O., & Thoresen, M. (2001). Can a more neutral position of the forearm when operating a computer mouse reduce the pain level for visual display unit operators? A prospective epidemiological intervention study: part II. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 13(1), 13-40. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • DeMont, J. (1994). A pain in the wrist. Maclean's, 107(47), 58. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Doggette, W. T. (1995). Office ergonomics. Benefits Quarterly, 11(4), 21-27. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Donaldson, C., Nelson, D. V., Skubick, D. L., & Clasby, R. G. (1998). Potential contributions of neck muscle dysfunctions to initiation and maintenance of carpal tunnel syndrome. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 23(1), 59-72. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Elmer-Dewitt, P., & Cray, D. (1994). A royal pain in the wrist. Time, 144(17), 60. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Cite this Research Proposal:

APA Format

Biopsychosocial Source of Stress (2012, June 08) Retrieved December 02, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Biopsychosocial Source of Stress" 08 June 2012. Web. 02 December. 2023. <>