After-School Programs in the U.S. and U.K. Research Proposal

A research proposal for reviewing literature that discusses the effectiveness of after-school programs in the United States compared to those of the United Kingdom.
# 146125 | 2,000 words | 14 sources | APA | 2010 | GB

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In this article, the writer presents a study to explore which system offers the greatest benefits to increasing physical activity in students; an incorporated sport and education system (as in the United States) or a segregated system (as in the United Kingdom). To examine this area of limited research, this study proposes to assess the effectiveness of the after-school sports programs in the United Kingdom compared to the system employed in the United States. The writer explains that the term "separated system" describes the after-school sports programs that are operated on a voluntary basis without funding from the school. The term "incorporated system" describes the after-school sports program that are operated and funded by the school.

Literature Review

From the Paper:

"Physical inactivity levels of children have inevitably led to the increase in obesity which is a problem of epidemic proportion with no definitive solution. Obesity is commonly described as a complex issue with many variables, such as lifestyle, diet, physical activity, physical inactivity, social-economic status, etc... Statistics from the United States shed light on how substantial the problem is by stating that one third of children and teens are overweight or obese. Levels in the United Kingdom are of a similar range with 31% of boys and 29% of girls being overweight or obese (National Health Service 2010). Obese children, who are not physically active, are at increased risk of significant short-term health problems such as hypertension, insulin resistance, respiratory problems, orthopaedic complications and are at risk of the possibility of developing adulthood obesity. Research has shown that the health risks of obesity are overwhelming but, most importantly, they are preventable with physical activity."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Afterschool Alliance. 2009. America after 3pm. [online]. Available from: [Accessed 05 November]
  • Cohen, D. A., et al. 2007. Availability of high school extracurricular sports programs and high-risk behaviors. Journal of School Health. 77(2), pp. 80 - 87. [online].Available from: [Accessed 04 November]
  • Department of Health. 2005. Choosing activity: a physical activity action plan. [online].Available from: [Accessed 10 November]
  • Faigenbaum, A. D., et al. 2010. After-school fitness performance is not altered after physical education lessons in adolescent athletes. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 24(3), pp.765 - 766.[online]. Available from: [Accessed 13 November]
  • Foresight. 2007. Tackling obesities: future choices - project report. [online].Available from: [Accessed 10 November]

Cite this Research Proposal:

APA Format

After-School Programs in the U.S. and U.K. (2010, December 18) Retrieved December 09, 2023, from

MLA Format

"After-School Programs in the U.S. and U.K." 18 December 2010. Web. 09 December. 2023. <>