Was the Roman Near East Culture Actually Oriental?
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This paper focuses its analysis on the Roman Near East culture, aiming to provide an understanding of this culture, based on current knowledge of the region's history, so as to deepen comprehension of such a fascinating place. The paper explains that tradition can correspond to art and architectural traditions while also infer religious culture; an educational system does not need to be in the context of a formal institution but can include what language the people learned to speak and possibly read or write. The paper also notes that the concept of culture can refer to religion, political institutions, and societal organization to name a few of the larger concepts. Within this framework, the paper concludes, that it remains to discover whether the culture of the Roman Near East was intrinsically Greco-Roman or "Oriental."
From the Paper:"Thus far, the study has been primarily based on the urban centres of the Roman Near East. It is acutely necessary not to forget the villages and the countryside because it is in this context that the vast majority of the population resided. It is only not possible to make a more extensive study because, understandably, the vast majority of the evidence we have is focused on the urban centres. Dijkstra believes that there was only a superficial inclusion of Greek culture among the indigenous population outside the cities. However, this seems to ignore the blatant majority of Greek inscriptions in this area compared to Syriac ones. The small township of Goharia used Latin and Greek language and terms to celebrate the success of their court case. Villages from as far as the banks of the Euphrates used Greek for petitions and deed of sales. Indeed, the use of inscriptions as evidence should not be used to infer an entire political system, but they do represent a conscious use of Graeco-Roman culture. It should also be noted that a cultural exchange of Graeco-Roman traditions with the rural areas insinuates that there was a two-way process."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Ball. W. 2000. Rome in the East. The Transformation of an Empire. (Glasgow).
- Bowersock. G.W. 1990. Hellenism in Late Antiquity. (Michigan).
- Butcher. K. 2003. Roman Syria and the Near East. (Spain).
- Cantineau. J. 1933. Inventaire des Inscriptions de Palmyre IX. (Beyrouth).
- Colledge. M.A.R. 1986. The Parthian Period. Iconography of Religions XIV.3. (Leiden).
Cite this Research Paper:
Was the Roman Near East Culture Actually Oriental? (2011, January 16) Retrieved January 20, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/was-the-roman-near-east-culture-actually-oriental-146761/
"Was the Roman Near East Culture Actually Oriental?" 16 January 2011. Web. 20 January. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/was-the-roman-near-east-culture-actually-oriental-146761/>