Walter Gropius and the Bauhaus Movement Research Paper by Champ

Walter Gropius and the Bauhaus Movement
This paper studies Walter Gropius and looks at the role and significance of the Bauhaus Movement.
# 98715 | 2,071 words | 4 sources | APA | 2007 | US
Published on Oct 14, 2007 in Architecture (Buildings) , Architecture (European) , Architecture (Modern) , Art (General)

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In this article, the writer presents a brief biography of Walter Gropius's early life, including education and influences. The writer discusses the role played by the Bauhaus Movement in the Imperial Germany of the 19th and 20th centuries in addition to describing the contribution made by the Bauhaus style of Architecture in the United States. The writer concludes that Walter Gropius was without doubt one of the most important architects of the previous century. The writer maintains that his significance lies in having realized the necessity of combining the previously separate fields of art and craft early in his career and in bringing the art of designing closer to the realities of the industrial age.

Walter Gropius's Life
Early Influences and Work
The First World War and Marriage
Weimer and Dessau
Exile, Harvard and Death
The Role of the Bauhaus Movement in 19th and 20th Century Germany
Influence of the Bauhaus Movement in Germany
Bauhaus Style Contribution in the United States

From the Paper:

"Even before of the end of World War I, Walter Gropius was invited to become the director of the School of Arts and Craft and the Academy of Fine Arts in Weimer. Walter accepted the position and took over as the director of the institutions in 1919 after the end of the War. It was a time of artistic confusion and architects and designers, as well as painters and sculptors who were mostly individual romantics seemed to be drifting directionless with their art. Amidst such confusion, Gropius knew exactly what to do: he was convinced that no distinction could be made between fine arts and practical crafts and immediately proceeded to unify the two schools, re-naming it the Staatliches Bauhaus Weimar. The move proved to be a pivotal moment in Gropius's life and modern architecture as it signaled the start of the Bauhaus movement. It was at Bauhaus, Weimer that Gropius introduced his new approach to design education that emphasized the principal of uniting art and technology that revolutionized modern design."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Aldersey-Williams, Hugh. "Bauhaus: Design or Dogma?" New Statesman 14 Feb. 2000: 41.
  • Bayer, Herbert, Walter Gropius, and Ise Gropius, eds. Bauhaus, 1919-1928. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1938.
  • Koeper, Howard. "Walter (Adolph) Gropius." Britannica Biography Collection. EBSCO HOST Research Data bases, 2007
  • Pearlman, Jill. "Joseph Hudnut and the unlikely beginnings of post-modern urbanism at the Harvard Bauhaus." Planning Perspective, Volume 15, Number 3, 1 July 2000: 201-239(39)

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