Understanding Switzerland Research Paper by Nicky

A look at Switzerland, its government and military.
# 150316 | 4,735 words | 7 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 30, 2012 in International Relations (Non-U.S.) , European Studies (General)


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Description:

This paper presents an in-depth examination of Switzerland, its government, people and international outlook. Several issues particular to Switzerland, such as its policy of neutrality, are closely considered. First, the paper describes the history of the nation and the ethnic mix of its people. Then, it discusses the government system, which is known as a federal system. The Swiss military and its armaments and policies as well as its relationship to the Swiss people is also discussed. This includes a look at recent reforms in the Swiss military system. Finally, the paper addresses the Swiss policy of neutrality. According to the paper, this policy has been a means of protecting Swiss independence and security. Additionally the paper cites that Switzerland uses neutrality as a foreign-policy tool to keep pace with world developments and get a better perspective of these developments. The paper concludes by showing how Switzerland interacts with the other neutral countries in Europe.


Outline:

The Swiss Republic and its Federal System
The Swiss Military
The Swiss Military and the Citizens
Reforms in the Swiss Military: to Promote Swiss Interests
The Concept and Law of Neutrality

From the Paper:

" Switzerland is a neutralist federal republic, guided by its own constitution (Heatwole 2009). It was adopted in 1874 and, since then, was amended many times. Its political system combines direct and indirect democracy with the principle of federalism. Under this principle, sub-national units of government are given vast powers. Sovereign power belongs to the people. They elect representatives and create laws directly through referendums. Citizens, 18 years old and older, are eligible to vote. The federalist system empowers the cantons and half-cantons with the powers of government. These include the power to declare war and make peace; sign treaties and alliances; to train, recruit for, and direct the armed forces; and to regulate foreign commerce. Cantons and communes are empowered to impose taxes. The federal government also builds roads, railroads and communications, hydroelectric power, and regulates higher education and labor. The cantons can create a wide range of policies and enjoy a high level of autonomy (Heatwole). The Swiss Constitution was intended to balance the interests of the State as a whole with those of the individual cantons."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 2004. Switzerland: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. US Department of State: USA.gov. Available at http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2003/27867.htm
  • Heatwole, C. 2009. Switzerland, Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia, Microsoft Encarta. Available at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761571795/Switzerland
  • Michaud, L. 2004. Swiss Armed Forces and the Challenges of the 21st Century, Military Review, US Army CGSC. Available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_mOPBZ/is_5_84/ai_n6252062
  • MySwitzerland 2009. CH: Confoederatio Helvetica, Switzerland.com. Available at http://www.switzerland.com/en.cfm/home
  • Ruddy, M 2002. Neutralism, Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy, CBS Interactive, Inc. Available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qx5215/is_2002/ai_n19192440

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Understanding Switzerland (2012, January 30) Retrieved October 22, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/understanding-switzerland-150316/

MLA Format

"Understanding Switzerland" 30 January 2012. Web. 22 October. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/understanding-switzerland-150316/>

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