Truancy and Incentive Programs Research Paper by Nicky

A study of whether incentive programs decrease truancy among middle school students.
# 151284 | 22,672 words | 63 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 31, 2012 in Education (General) , Research Designs (General)

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Truancy poses significant societal problem and poses a threat to the future of youth. In the past, methods to help resolve truancy have resulted in little impact on the overall rate of truancy. This paper examines a new approach to the problem based on positive reinforcement, rather than punishment. It explores the use of positive reinforcement through the use of items that can be earned through attendance and participation in the school system and how this type of rewards system represents a new approach to the problem of truancy. It also looks at how the use of positive instead of negative reinforcement represents a paradigm shift in methodology for dealing with the truancy problem and explores the effectiveness of a rewards/points system in reducing truancy in middle school students.

Chapter I - Introduction to the Problem
Introduction to the Problem
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Research Questions
Study Variables
Rationale, Relevance, Significance
Nature of the Study
Definition of Terms
Assumptions and Limitations
Organization of Remainder of Study
Chapter 2 - Literature Review
Theoretical Framework
Review of the Critical Literature
Historical Context
Motivational and Behavioral Research: Why Punishment Doesn't Work
Co-Morbidity with Other Problems: Identifying Stressors
Bridging the Gap Between the Criminal Justice System and School Counselors
Experimental Design and the Problem of Truancy
Chapter 3 - Methodology
Researcher's Philosophy
Research Design Guide or Model
Research Design Strategy
Sampling Design and Setting
Data Collection Procedures
Field Testing/Pilot Testing
Data Analysis Procedures
Limitations of Methodology
Internal Validity
External Validity
Expected Findings
Ethical Issues

From the Paper:

"Recent research focuses on developing an understanding of the complex interplay between the student, family, school and community, as well as the protective factors that prevent them form truancy, even in the face of other factors placing them at-risk (Lehr, Hansen, & Sinclair et al, 2003). One of the key gaps in the current body of research is a lack of data based interventions. Practices vary from school system to school system. Interventions may include a number of practices including counseling, remediation, tutoring, attendance monitoring, and after-school clubs (Lehr, Hansen, & Sinclair et al, 2003). All of these practices are being used, yet there is little research to support their use or effectiveness. This lack of data-based intervention forms the greatest gap in the body of evidence surrounding regarding effective interventions and research-based theory on truancy. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Aluede, O., Adeleke, F., & Omoike, D. et al. (2008). A Review of the Extent, Nature Characteristics and Effects of Bullying Behaviour in Schools. Journal of Instructional Psychology. 35 (2): 151. Questia Database.
  • Beekhoven, S. & Dekkers, H. (2005). Early school leaving in the lower vocational track: Triangulation of qualitative and quantitative data. Adolescence, 40(157), 197-213.
  • Brandibas, G., Benoit, J. & Claude, C. et al. (2004). Truancy, School Refusal and Anxiety. School Psychology International. 25 (1): 117-126. Eric Identifier: EJ690516. Eric Database.
  • Bray, S., Rangel, A. & Shimojo, A. et al. (2008). The Neural Mechanisms Underlying the Influence of Pavlovian Cues on Human Decision Making. Journal of Neuroscience. 28 (22): 5861-5866.
  • Capen, B. (1874). 1st Annual Report. Boston, Massachusetts School Committee. Retrieved 18 Oct 2009 from

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