Transformation and Development of Environmental Policy in Eastern Europe Research Paper by Nicky

A comparative study on policy changes in the Czech Republic and Poland during the transition period from 1990-2000.
# 151423 | 3,626 words | 13 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 11, 2012 in European Studies (Post-Soviet Period, 1990 on)

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This study examines the process and importance of the Czech Republic and Poland becoming fully integrated into European markets through membership in the EU membership and the process involved in that accession. The paper discusses the significance and objective of the study and identifies the hypothesis and research questions used. The paper then reviews theories on European integration and internationalization and how they are related to the objective of this study.

Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Theoretical Framework

From the Paper:

"The transition economies of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia affect more than 400 million people. The transition economies in Europe include 26 nations; of these, 15 independent countries were formed following the collapse of the former Soviet Union; six European countries were created by the Council on Mutual Economic Assistance including the Czech Republic and Poland); and five countries were created from the dissolution of Yugoslavia (Chandler 2000, 1-2). Several decades of centralized state-managed industrial development had largely ignored the enormous impact of their decision-making processes and policies on the environment of these transition economies, including the Czech Republic and Poland, and the results were easy for all to see. According to Chandler, "The region's cities in the early 1990s were a bleak industrial landscape. Children played in soot-choked residential streets built alongside giant steel and coking operations, chemical plants, and unfiltered power stations. In some areas, the skies were filled with particulates, carcinogenic benzopyrene, acid mist, arsenic, and antimony" (2000, 2). A study by Toman (1994) confirmed that although the largest contributors to the air pollution problem in the Czech Republic and Poland have been the result of industrial emissions rather than automobile and other vehicular traffic based on the average numbers of vehicles owned by the citizens of these countries compared to other countries in Western Europe, the vehicles that were in use in these two countries were nevertheless significant contributor to air pollution because of their age, lack of emission controls, their operation on highly polluting sulfur-laden fuels and poor maintenance."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Armario, J. M., Ruiz, D. M. & Armario, E. M. (2008). Market orientation and internationalization in small and medium-sized enterprises. Journal of Small Business Management, 46(4), 485-486.
  • Carter, F. W. & Turnock, D. 2002. Environmental Problems of East Central Europe. London: Routledge.
  • Chandler, W. 2000. Energy and Environmental Policies in the Transition Economies: Between Cold War and Global Warming. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Cuervo-Cazurra, A. (2006). Who cares about corruption? Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 807-808.
  • Deeg, R. (2001). Contemporary challenges to German federalism: From the European Union to the global economy. Law and Policy in International Business, 33(1), 51-52.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Transformation and Development of Environmental Policy in Eastern Europe (2012, June 11) Retrieved March 24, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Transformation and Development of Environmental Policy in Eastern Europe" 11 June 2012. Web. 24 March. 2023. <>