Third Mandibular Molar Extraction Research Paper by Nicky

An in-depth review of impacted wisdom teeth extraction surgery and its potential complications.
# 149819 | 5,962 words | 17 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Jan 01, 2012 in Medical and Health (Dentistry)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


The paper looks at the origins of third molars, as well as the different types of impaction that can occur, and examines the surgical procedures for removal of mandibular impactions. Next, the paper identifies the range of complications that can occur post operatively, that include dry socket, pain and edema, excessive bleeding and infection, and also addresses complications that occur infrequently, such as severance of nerves, aspiration, mandibular fracture and the hyperextensions of the jaw. The paper emphasizes that third mandibular molar extraction is a common procedure that can be performed safely and with as little discomfort as possible if proper attention to the potential complications of the procedure are addressed as a part of standard surgical practices.

Types of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars
Surgical Extraction of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars
Post Operative Complication of Impacted Wisdom Tooth Extraction Surgery
Common Complications
Rare Complications

From the Paper:

"The third molars are often referred to as the "wisdom teeth." We have one set of mandibular and one set of maxillary third molars. They are some of last teeth to come in and usually arrive sometime between 17 and 25 years old. They are called "wisdom teeth" because the person is supposed to have gained some wisdom by that time ("What Are Wisdom Teeth?" 2009). Sometimes they do not come in as planned and will come in at an angle. When they do this, they can affect adjacent teeth. Most people have four, but sometimes a person can have more or less than average ("What Are Wisdom Teeth?" 2009). Impacted mandibular third molars are a common condition among young adults (Obiechina, Oji, & Fasola, 2001). Despite their common occurrence, few academic studies exist regarding their extraction and complications associated with the procedure.
"Third molars can become impacted for a number of reasons. Insufficient musculo skeletal development of the mandible is the most common cause of impaction (Ma'aita, 2000). It can also because by a mismatch between the growth rates of the molar and the mandible (Ma'aita, 2000). The end result is that there is not enough room for the molars to grow and they begin to crowd the ramus (Ma'aita, 2000). Unerrupted third molars have been associated with the pathological development of a number of conditions. These include cystic lesions, neoplasms, pericoronitis, periodontitis, and root resorption (Ma'aita, 2000). In addition, the impacted molar can also cause harm to adjacent teeth (Ma'aita, 2000)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Al-Asfour, A. (2009). Postoperative Infection After Surgical Removal of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars: An Analysis of 110 Consecutive Procedures. Med Princ Pract 18:48-52.
  • Bernard, G. & Mintz, V. (2003), Evidence-based means of avoiding Lingual Nerve Injury following Mandibular Third Molar Extractions. Brazilian Journal of Oral Science. 2 (5): 2003. Retrieved July 13, 2009 from
  • Esposito M. (2005). Impacted wisdom teeth. Clin Evid. Jun; (15): 1868-1870.
  • Garcia, A., Sampedro, F., Rey, J., Vila, P. and Martin, M. (2000). Pell-Gregory classification is unreliable as a predictor of difficulty in extracting impacted lower third molars. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 38 (6): 585-587.
  • Hazza'a A, Bataineh A, Odat A. Angulation of Mandibular Third Molars as a Predictive Factor for Pericoronitis. J Contemp Dent Pract 2009 May; (10)3:051-058.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Third Mandibular Molar Extraction (2012, January 01) Retrieved July 15, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Third Mandibular Molar Extraction" 01 January 2012. Web. 15 July. 2020. <>