The Spread of Asiatic Cholera
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This paper examines the disease of Asiatic cholera, and how it was able to leave its Indian Sub-Continent habitat and invade the world on a global scale. The paper discusses how the rapid globalization of the nineteenth century facilitated the spread of cholera to Europe. The paper also traces European development in understanding the disease on a global scale, noting that the terrible cholera epidemics brought competing nations together in efforts to prevent the further spread of cholera. Finally, the paper concludes that cholera was initially viewed from the European perception as a disease that originated from a "barbarian" land and would be unable to penetrate the civilized industrial Europe; however, cholera was well-suited to survive and flourish in the poor conditions created by the rapid growth of urban cities created by industrialization.
From the Paper:"Nineteenth century Europe also saw the emergence of international cooperation in dealing with the cholera epidemic. From 1851 until the turn of the century there were eight International Sanitary Conferences aimed at tackling the cholera problem. The conferences looked to unite not from suffering from cholera but by working together to prevent its spread. Although signalled as an event which started internationalism it did attract some criticism. Contrary to the description portrayed by the conference of humanity as a big family, the conference was heavily biased towards Europe, with observers calling internationalisms flaw to be Eurocentrism. Despite being seen as a global effort it was seen to be Europe against the evil originating Asia, therefore focusing the conferences on the dangers of cholera posed to European countries. The conferences were hailed as a new chapter in world history as nations united under a common cause. However, the early conferences showed signs of internationalism in their infancy as many of the early conferences failed to receive unanimous ratification. However, towards the end of the century the European powers agreed to implement new strategies to combat cholera. The delegates devised not a borderless world nor a world of total borders, but instead, semi permeable checkpoints serving to protect Europe without hindering trade, the fundamental organ of the European economy. The cholera pandemic was the first major global event which brought the world together and raised the question that diseases were a global a burden, not one restricted to national borders."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Barnes, Ethne. Diseases and Human Evolution (University of New Mexico Press, 2005).
- Bourdelais, Patrice. 'Cholera: Victory or Medicine', in: The Decline of Mortality in Europe, ed. R. Schofield, D. Reher, A. Bideau (Oxford University Press, 1991).
- Davis, Kingsley. Biology and Culture in Modern perspectives (San Francisco, 1972).
- Hardy, Anne 'Cholera, quarantine, and the English preventative system,' Medical History, 37 (1993).
- Huner, Valeska. 'The Unification of the Globe by disease? The international sanitary conferences on Cholera, 1851-1894,' The Historical journal, 49, 2 (2006).
Cite this Research Paper:
The Spread of Asiatic Cholera (2010, July 31) Retrieved December 06, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/the-spread-of-asiatic-cholera-128650/
"The Spread of Asiatic Cholera" 31 July 2010. Web. 06 December. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/the-spread-of-asiatic-cholera-128650/>