The Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 Research Paper by Faye

The Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002
A look at the development of the U.K. asylum policy from its inception in 1970's to the most recent amendments in 2002, highlighting the most significant impacts on asylum seekers today.
# 52967 | 11,371 words | 20 sources | APA | 2003 | GB
Published on Sep 27, 2004 in Political Science (Non-U.S.) , Sociology (Welfare) , Hot Topics (Immigration)

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This paper attempts to identify the shortfalls of the 2002 Act and its inability to revolutionize the asylum system in the U.K. In particular, it focuses on the adverse impact it will have on current and future asylum seekers in respect of their entitlements to welfare support and benefits. It provides a full background of the development of U.K asylum law in order to identify the route it has taken to reach its current position and investigates the reasons why the government is demonstrating a more restrictive approach to asylum policy. It then concentrates on the failings of the previous asylum policies discussed and examines why there was a significant need for reform. It critically analyzes the government's proposals for reform, identified in the White Paper "Fairer, Faster, Firmer" in 1999 and also introduces a summary of the changes implemented by the subsequent Immigration and Asylum Act 1999. The next part identifies the failings of the 1999 Act, in particular highlighting the controversial issues surrounding refugees entitlements to receive support and then introduces the proposed changes to the 1999 asylum system and present the revolutionary reforms for 2002, allowing particular consideration to the changes to the support system and the controversial issues surrounding the accommodation centre proposals.

The Background and Development of U.K .Asylum Policy
The Reform of U.K. Asylum Policy
The Failings of the 1999 Asylum System
The Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002
Poverty in the Asylum Support System
Accommodation Centres

From the Paper:

"The legislation was constructed purely from a political perspective, which provided only for interim measures such as initial arrival and detention of the asylum seeker, the appeals process, and procedures which were to follow once the asylum application had failed. Both the 1993 and 1996 Asylum Acts failed to take into account any welfare entitlements which should be made accessible to the asylum seeker, and failed to take into consideration the likelihood that the asylum seeker would be likely to remain in the UK for several months whilst his application was processed and would therefore require a significant level of social assistance. In effect the UK asylum policy did little to help the asylum seekers in need of support and protection and has endured extreme criticism. The law of asylum should function so as to ensure the fair, efficient, and effective assessment of asylum claims, instead of following a purely exclusionary regulatory strategy based on a deterrence and punishment model of asylum policy."

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

The Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (2004, September 27) Retrieved August 18, 2022, from

MLA Format

"The Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002" 27 September 2004. Web. 18 August. 2022. <>