The Lunar Polar Ice Controversy Research Paper by Jay Writtings LLC

The Lunar Polar Ice Controversy
An analysis of the potentials and improbabilities of the existence of lunar polar ice.
# 117578 | 2,842 words | 21 sources | MLA | 2009 | US
Published on Dec 09, 2009 in Astronomy (Space Exploration)

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This paper examines the controversy over the existence of lunar polar, noting the potentials as well as the improbabilities of lunar polar ice. The technology that has been utilized in the past to determine the presence of lunar polar ice is examined and its limitations discussed. The paper also discusses explorations to the moon and observations and concludes that further expeditions are necessary to eliminate controversy.

Table of Contents:
Lunar Polar Ice and areas of the Moon
Scientists with Applied Interest
Operations of Exploration
Imposingly Informed Contrasts
Arrivals of Ice

From the Paper:

"The Moons craters are most commonly believed to have been developed as a result of meteorite or comets impact with the Moons surface. Meteorites and comets are commonly carriers of some level of moisture in the form of either molecules or other extensions of hydrogen. When the impact occurs from these objects, they implant the molecules or other hydrogen material so deeply under the surface that they are able to remain in substantial form- away from the high temperatures of the surface. (NASA - 1998)"
"The same arrival of hydrogen in any form is believed to have already occurred as a result of transportation from Earth. A particle amount of water at the lunar poles may have well come from the Apollo vehicles and equipment, both on the surface and in lunar orbit. The LM used ice-encased sublimators for its system-cooling operatives. This system could very well have released into an area of the shadowy craters to a level or area where it could have remained."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Watson, K. Murray, B.C. and Brown, H. J. Geophys. Res. 1961; 66, 3033-3045.
  • Stacy, N. J. S., Campbell, D. B. & Ford, P. G. Arecibo radar mapping of the lunar poles: A search for ice deposits. Science 276, 1527-1530 (1997)
  • Feldman, W. C. et al. Fluxes of fast and epithermal neutrons from Lunar Prospector: Evidence for water ice at the lunar poles. Science 281, 1496-1500
  • No Evidence for Thick Deposits of Ice at the Lunar South Pole: Donald B. Campbell, Bruce A. Campbell, Lynn M. Carter, Jean-Luc Margot and Nicholas J. S. Stacy; Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA; Center for Earth and Planetary Studies, Smithsonian Institution, Box 37012, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA; Defence Science and Technology Organization, Box 1500, Edinburgh, SA 5111, AustraliaWatson, K., Murray, B. C. & Brown, H. The behavior of volatiles on the lunar surface. J. Geophys. Res. 66, 3033-3045 (1961)
  • Lawrence, D.J. et al. JGR-Planets, 111,10.1029/2005JE002637; 2006

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

The Lunar Polar Ice Controversy (2009, December 09) Retrieved April 18, 2021, from

MLA Format

"The Lunar Polar Ice Controversy" 09 December 2009. Web. 18 April. 2021. <>