The Juvenile Justice System Research Paper by meh31488

The Juvenile Justice System
An examination of the history of the creation of the juvenile justice system and its impact on reform within the courts, legislation, and society.
# 147874 | 8,408 words | 15 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Aug 03, 2011 in Criminology (Juvenile Justice) , Sociology (General) , Child, Youth Issues (General)

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This paper examines the history of the juvenile justice system in the United States of America from the 14th century to modern day practices in the 21st century. Within this time frame, the history of adolescent controls, early forms of juvenile justice, the progressive era, contemporary juvenile justice, and modern-day juvenile detention facilities are discussed in terms of development. Emphasis is placed on examining these topics of discussion in correlation with the major schools of thought that include bureaucracy, human relations, neo-weberian, institutional school, and environmental models of organizations discussed by Charles Perrow, a prominent professor of Sociology.

History of Adolescent Controls (14th - 17th century)
Capitalism, the fall of Family Controls, and the Binding System
Institutionalized Controls
Early Forms of Juvenile Justice (1750-1886)
The New York House of Refuge
The New York Juvenile Asylum
The Lyman School for Boys
Progressive Era (1886-1920)
Hull House
First Juvenile Court Law: Illinois (1899)
The Juvenile Court Movement
Contemporary Juvenile Justice (1960-Present)
Supreme Court case "in re Gault"
Punitive Reform
Mental Health Movement: a New Era?
Modern-day Juvenile Detention Facilities
Treatment Programs
Kalamazoo County Juvenile Home
Kalamazoo County Juvenile Home and Modern-day Juvenile Facilities
Weberian Bureaucracy
Group Relations Model
The Institutional School
Neo-Weberian Model
The Environmental Model
Conclusion: Key Factors in the Advancement of Juvenile Justice in America
Private and Public Agencies
Eras of Reform
Judicial System and the Constitution

From the Paper:

"Children in the 14th century were essentially viewed as pieces of property and servants for rich families and loyalty. Both girls and boys were institutionalized at a very young age with clear gender role expectations for both genders. Boys were intended to fight and grow up to be knights where women were taught domestic skills to prep them for a life consisting of household duties.
"Children were expected to help their family in the fields and around the house at the young age of seven or eight. Children were essentially thrown into the world of work and expected to take on the role of an adult without any guidance because other forms of social controls or structures had not yet been established (schools). Stages of development such as adolescence and teenage years were basically non-existent during this time simply because they were not given the opportunity to grow up."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Allen, Jennifer M., Conrad, John J., Cox, Steven M., Hanser, Robert D. 2007. "Juvenile Justice: A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice."
  • Cox, Steven M. 2007. "Juvenile Justice in Historical Perspective." Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications
  • Krisberg, Barry. 2004. "The Historical Legacy of Juvenile Justice." Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.
  • Platt, Anthony M. 1977. "The Child Savers: The Invention of Delinquency." University of Chicago Press.
  • Sellin, Thorsten. 2007. "Pioneers in Penology: The Reformers, The Institutions, And the Societies, 1557-1900." Edwin Mellen Press.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

The Juvenile Justice System (2011, August 03) Retrieved February 27, 2021, from

MLA Format

"The Juvenile Justice System" 03 August 2011. Web. 27 February. 2021. <>