The Issues and Challenges of Federalism Research Paper

The Issues and Challenges of Federalism
A look at the constitutional responsibility for education in Australia and the significant political and national issue for the Commonwealth.
# 128201 | 2,119 words | 16 sources | APA | 2010 | AU
Published on Jul 04, 2010 in Education (General)

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This essay illustrates, explores and expands on some of the issues raised and analyzed by John Wanna (2007) in his paper which documented a round table discussion focusing on the issues and challenges of federalism. The paper defines federalism and briefly acknowledges how the changing functions and integrations of federalism have resulted in "hyper-interactions" in the policy area of education. The paper uses a case study on school education and the Australian curriculum to inform the discussion on federalism

Education: The Constitutional Responsibility of the States and a Significant Political and National Issue for the Commonwealth.
What is Federalism?
The Constitution, Residual Powers and Education.
Vertical Fiscal Imbalance (VFI) and Fiscal Dominance
Specific Purpose Payments (SPP's) and Tied Grants
Jurisdiction and Constitutional Responsibility
Cooperative Commonwealth-State Relations

From the Paper:

"Federalism has been defined as "the duality of sovereignty between the Commonwealth and the six state governments" (Pape, 2005, p. 1). Page outlines that at a fundamental level, federalism encompasses a number of principles, one of which is the diffusion of power (2007, p. 6). Galligan (cited in Page, 2007, p. 6) argues that this "fragmentation of power and sovereignty geographically amongst the states and politically between the national and sub-national levels of governance creates limits to the power of each government" allowing the various interests of the people to be served at different levels of government. Wanna states that the existence of multiple governments adds to the overall accountability of a system and he concludes that sovereign governments are the best critics of other governments making them more accountable for their decisions (Wanna, 2007, p. 276). This is one of the reasons why federalism is considered an effective form of government."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting Authority, 2010, 'Australian curriculum frequently asked questions', viewed 13 May 2010,
  • Althaus, C & Tierman, A, 2009, Managing up: the framework of public sector management, PSM Program, 2009, Australian Public Service Commission, Canberra.
  • Australian Government, 2010, Australian Government Canberra, viewed 13 May 2010, <>.
  • Brown, A, 'Reshaping Australia's Federation: The choices for regional Australia', Plenary address to 11th Sustainable Economic Growth for Regional Australia Conference, Wollongong, 17 September 2007, <>.
  • Brown, A.J, Bellamy, J.A, 2006, 'Federalism and regionalism in Australia: New approaches, new institutions?", accessed 13 May 2010, < >.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

The Issues and Challenges of Federalism (2010, July 04) Retrieved April 18, 2021, from

MLA Format

"The Issues and Challenges of Federalism" 04 July 2010. Web. 18 April. 2021. <>