The History of the Soviet Union and Afghanistan Research Paper by Peter Pen

The History of the Soviet Union and Afghanistan
An examination of the complicated history between the Soviet Union and Afghanistan and the eventual invasion of Afghanistan.
# 53347 | 4,478 words | 4 sources | MLA | 2004
Published on Oct 21, 2004 in International Relations (Cold War) , History (Russian)

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This paper explores how the invasion of Afghanistan became the end of a long history of the Soviets doing everything in their power to secure their interests in Afghanistan. It explains that the installment of Karmal and the deaths of thousands of rebels resulted from the notion that they were invited in to protect the government of Amin. The loss of the war sent the nation into a frenzy, desperately trying to point fingers at who was to blame for what was the culmination of years of selfishness. The loss was so shocking because the USSR had managed to get what it wanted for almost a century and had finally realized that the self-determination of a country is stronger than the political favors it tried to curry from it. It examines how ,throughout their entire time together, the Soviet Union used Afghanistan to install leaders that would suit its needs and getting rid of ones that would not. When things got bad, they violated the laws of the highest political power in the world just so that they could make sure their interests were secured. In this specific example, it is easy to see the selfishness of a world superpower and the way that strong nations use weak, underdeveloped countries as if their existence on this earth is merely for the gain of others.

From the Paper:

""[Our] government will strictly follow the policy of non-alignment and strive for good relationships with neighboring Pakistan and Iran.1" This statement by Afghan leader Hafizullah Amin has two key elements to it: first, it points out that the goal of Amin's short reign was to dramatically lessen the influence that the Soviet Union had had on his country for more than forty years; and secondly, to give special emphasis to the growing friendship between Afghanistan and their new alliances, Pakistan and Iran, which were, at the time, both controlled largely by Islamic (non-Communist) groups and friendly with the United States. Amin, while trying to lessen his public animosity for the Soviet Union, clearly had no love for his Russian neighbors and wanted to end any and all influence the Soviet Union had on his country. So, when the Soviet Union launched their invasion of Afghanistan on December 27, 1979, it came as some surprise that the Soviet Union claimed to be acting on a request of Amin's, especially after his execution by Soviet hands. The fact is the Soviet Union was doing just what it had been doing for years; acting out of its own interests. A look at the Soviet Union's long history of intervention and influence will show the selfish behavior and superior ideology of the Soviet Union that led to a devastating invasion. The entirety of their relationship was based merely on Soviet desires to control the country, reap it of its goods and to stamp out any and all influence or their cold war enemy, the United States."

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