The Effect of Music Therapy on Reducing Anxiety in Pre-surgical Cardiac Patients Research Paper by Nicky

A research paper that focuses on music therapy and its effects on anxiety reduction in patients.
# 150413 | 3,576 words | 28 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Feb 15, 2012 in Medical and Health (Medical Studies) , Music Studies (General)

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This research paper provides a synthesized study that examines how music therapy affects the anxiety of presurgical cardiac patients. The paper's focus is on using participatory music therapy by a music therapist to determine the positive aspects and benefits of using music therapy in a hospital presurgical setting. Focusing on the various forms of pain and anxiety in patients, this study of this paper covers the spectrum of patients and the varied needs for therapy.

Music Therapy
Music therapy as receptive form and active form
Music impact on anxiety
Anxiety in Presurgical Patients
State Anxiety
Presurgical Anxiety
Cardiac Patients
Music Therapy with Cardiac Surgical Patients
Summary of Literature Review

From the Paper:

"Music therapy in the medical field is generally known as a non-pharmacological intervention that improves comfort level and enhances well-being in patients by engaging the affective, cognitive, and sensory mechanisms. Music therapy is a sound-centered experience (Bruscia, 1998). According to Bruscia's explanation, when patients experience music receptively in forms, they hear sound through bodies, apprehend sound with their psyche, relive their experiences in sound, hear the world of others in sound, remember in sound, think in sound, and approach the divine through sound (p.41). As receptive methods of music therapy, music anesthesia reduces anxiety associated with pain and induces insensibility to pain without anesthesia (p.122), and music relaxation focuses on physical, emotional, intellectual, aesthetic, or spiritual aspects of the music. The purpose of music relaxation activity is to reduce anxiety, stress, tension, and to facilitate entry into altered states of consciousness (p.122).
"If the sound experience is an active form, ear orientation is necessary. Clients who are singing and playing can be mediated by what they hear as they are doing it. The music therapist uses music experiences as therapeutic intervention, and invites the client into the therapeutic process to promote clients' health and well-being (p.41).
"Singing has tremendous benefits on a physical, mental and spiritual level. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Ambulatory anesthesia music and preoperative anxiety: A randomized, controlled study (2002).
  • Argstatter, H., Haberbosch, W., & Bolay, H. (2006). Study of the effectiveness of musical stimulation during intracardiac catheterization. Clin Res Cardiol, 95,514-522.
  • Bally, K., Campbell, D., Chesnick, K., & Tranmer J.(2003) Effects of patient-controlled music therapy during coronary angiography on procedural pain and anxiety distress syndrome. Critical Care Nurse, 23(2), 50-58.
  • Bernardi, L., Porta, C., & Sleight, P. (2006). Cardiovascular, cerebrovaschular, and respiratory changes induced by different type of music in musicians and non-musicians; the importance of silence. Heart, 92, 445-452.
  • Bruscia, K. (1998). Defining music therapy. Gilsum, PA:Barcelona.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

The Effect of Music Therapy on Reducing Anxiety in Pre-surgical Cardiac Patients (2012, February 15) Retrieved September 27, 2023, from

MLA Format

"The Effect of Music Therapy on Reducing Anxiety in Pre-surgical Cardiac Patients" 15 February 2012. Web. 27 September. 2023. <>