The Correctional Purpose of Punishment Research Paper by scribbler

The Correctional Purpose of Punishment
A research paper on the purpose behind the use of punishment as a means of social control.
# 152856 | 3,247 words | 34 sources | APA | 2013 | US

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The paper discusses the concept of social control and addresses the possibility of how prisons may be breeding grounds for creating new criminal inclinations and identities of the prisoners. The paper then explores the idea of moral panics and how the media, through the manipulation of the masses, can influence the attitudes of the government towards a social disturbance and simultaneously force them to instill and implement relevant laws and principles to fight those disturbances in the future. This writer concludes with the opinion that punishment as a means of social control is not nearly justified in practice as an element that definitely reduces criminal inclinations. The paper includes several diagrams.

Social Control - The Term
Social Control, Punishment and Law
Social Control, Punishment, Crime and Society
The Argument

From the Paper:

"The terminology of 'social control' was first developed by an American Sociologist, Edward Ross back in 1901, when he explained social term to be a "democratic and liberal alternative to forms of coercion and compulsion that depend on the use of brute force". Ross advocated that social control and cooperation was possible when communities as a whole came together to support moral and ethical conduct, influenced by the traditions and beliefs, to be the foundation for behavioral choices made by individuals. He did not feel that social control was an aspect that could be determined by the national principles and laws. He asserted that "the internalization of belief systems would guide behavior and produce in individuals mechanisms of self-regulation that could assure order more effectively than legal regulation" (Ross, 1969 [1901]). Many recent studies have been conducted since Ross came up with his definition of social control and most of the recent researches haven't been as optimistic about the concept of social control as presented by him. Many researchers have wondered to what extent the approach of governments instigate free thought and freedom of action to do what individuals feel is right and not be answerable for it."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Adams MS (1996) Labeling and differential association: towards a general learning theory of crime and deviance. Am J Crim Justice 20:149-164.
  • Beccaria C. (1995). On crimes and punishments and other writings. In: Bellamy R (ed) (trans: Davies R). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  • Bernburg JG, Krohn MD (2003) Labeling, life chances, and adult crime: the direct and indirect effects of official intervention in adolescence on crime in early adulthood. Criminology 41(4):1287-1318.
  • Blumstein A, Beck AJ (1999) Population growth in US prisons, 1980-1996. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Council of Europe (2001) Crime and criminal justice in Europe. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

The Correctional Purpose of Punishment (2013, April 30) Retrieved March 03, 2024, from

MLA Format

"The Correctional Purpose of Punishment" 30 April 2013. Web. 03 March. 2024. <>