The Bathroom Research Paper by serendipity

The Bathroom
This paper presents an extensive discussion of the history, design, and future of the bathroom and sanitation engineering.
# 49845 | 8,865 words | 6 sources | MLA | 2004 | US
Published on Mar 21, 2004 in Architecture (Modern) , Engineering (Civil and Environment) , Architecture (History)

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This paper explains that the first known bathtub was found in Greece in the great palace of Knossos and included impressive technologies that provided water for the tub, including a system of interlocking terra-cotta pipes. The author believes that the function of the bathroom needs to be pushed to a new extreme, allowing people, spaces, and domestic functions new potentials for hybrid activities. The paper relates that a complete home plumbing system requires three distinct networks of pipes: water supply lines, which carry water under pressure; a network of drain pipes, which works entirely by gravity; and a network of pipes, which serves to maintain equal air pressure throughout the drainpipe so that the flow proceeds without interference.

Table of Contents
History of Bathing
Evolution of Sanitation
History of Water Closets
Environmental Aspects
Public Health Aspects
Basic Components of Modern Bathrooms
Toilet or Flush
Tubs and Showers
Natural Lighting
Special Effects with Plants
Appropriate Plants for the Bath
Landscape of Bathing and Relaxing
Artificial versus Real
The New Landscape in Metro Area
Water Supply Service
Boosting by Pump
Boosting by Pressure Cylinder Water Pump
Vents and Traps
The Ideal Living, the Bathroom in New Product Design Context
The Future of the Bathroom Is Here

From the Paper:

"In fact, until the mid-nineteenth century, streets were used as refuse dumping grounds, domestic animals roamed the streets and rodents ran rampant. Cesspools were located near houses and buildings, reeking and spreading germs. The Industrial Revolution and discoveries such as the germ theory brought about major changes in approach, raising the standard of living and ending serious epidemics. By 1900, improved nutrition, better sanitation, and, especially, contributions from bacteriologists increased life expectancy at birth by almost six years to age 47.3."

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

The Bathroom (2004, March 21) Retrieved July 11, 2020, from

MLA Format

"The Bathroom" 21 March 2004. Web. 11 July. 2020. <>