Technology for the Deaf Research Paper by Nicky

A look at technological aids for the hearing impaired.
# 151481 | 2,780 words | 11 sources | MLA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 11, 2012 in Education (Special) , Medical and Health (Medical Studies)

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This paper traces the development of technological aids to help the hearing impaired, with a particular focus on the work of Professor Graeme Clark. First, the paper outlines Professor Clark's background and contributions to helping the deaf hear. Then it discusses some of his inventions, such as the implant, and its costs. Next, the paper describes the life of a deaf person, especially in their work. It notes how technology took away some jobs from deaf people, but other areas are becoming options. Specific mention is made of hiring hearing impaired employees as it relates to accommodation in the workplace. Additionally, the paper highlights how support technology and programs are helping the deaf find meaningful and satisfying work. Finally, the paper considers what options will be available for dear workers in the future. The paper concludes with an optimistic outlook for the deaf in the coming decades based on the technologies developed by Prof. Clark.

His Enduring Passion
Taking the First Steps
Bionic Ears Created
The Working Deaf before Technology
New Technology Enables Deaf Workers
Sears Roebuck and IBM
Hiring the Hearing Impaired Applicant
Accommodations Costs and Value
Technology Now a Boon
More Technology for Deaf Workers
Support Programs
Distance Technology for the Deaf in Rural Areas
The CAP for Disabled Federal Employees
In Search of a Telecommunication Standard
A Universal Design
The Shape of the Future
The Deaf Culture, a Chronic Brunt
More Miracles on the Way

From the Paper:

"Professor Clark's work was guided by specific conditions, mechanisms and safety concerns surrounding the electrical stimulation of the cochlea. Right then, he was aware that those with damaged higher auditory centers could not be helped. Only those with some residual hearing would benefit from the intervention. The type of electrodes, the method of implantation and whether the patient can hear and understand speech were determining factors of successful electrical stimulation. The mechanics involved the ear as a transducer, the stimulation of hair cells by vibrating basilar membrane, and crude hearing sensation by direct stimulation. And safety concerns included the avoidance of significant damage to ear structures, required mechanical properties through these structures in transmitting frequencies, the toxicity of electrode materials, damage to the cochlea and auditory nerves by electrical currents, and middle ear infection. Professor Clark began his work alone at first, then with two assistants. With additional funding support, he recruited two undergraduate students, then by more assistants. By the time they produced the first prototype, Professor Clark had approximately 20 full-and-part-time assistants. In the last 30 years of continued work, he has been assisted by more than 100 scientists and clinicians. "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Associated Press. Hearing Impaired Get Help with Wireless Device. Deseret News: Deseret News Publishing, 2003. Retrieved on October11, 2009 from;col1
  • Bergstein, Brian. IBM Develops Virtual Deaf Interpreter. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers, 2007. Retrieved on October 11, 2009 from;col1
  • Browser, Betty Ann. Technology and Deaf Culture. News Hour: MacNeil/Lehrer Production, 2009. Retrieved on October 14, 2009 from
  • Clark, Graeme M. Personal Reflections on the Multi-channel Cochlear Implant and a View of the Future. Journal of Rehabilitation, Research and Development: Superintendent of Documents, 2008. Retrieved on October 11, 2009 from
  • Cohen, Sacha. High-Tech Tools Lower Barriers for Disabled. Resources:, 2009. Retrieved on November 9, 2009 from

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Technology for the Deaf (2012, June 11) Retrieved March 20, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Technology for the Deaf" 11 June 2012. Web. 20 March. 2023. <>