Sub-Saharan Migrants in Morocco Research Paper

Presents original research that looks at hardships of the Sub-Saharan migrants in Morocco especially in making their living.
# 151644 | 5,750 words | 9 sources | APA | 2012 | MA
Published on Aug 22, 2012 in Ethnic Studies (Africa) , Sociology (Welfare) , Sociology (Multiculturalism)

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This paper relates the struggles Sub-Saharan migrants currently are experiencing and indicates the historical context of the pre and post 1990s migration patterns of this Diaspora. Next, the author explains the research methodology of extensive subjective interviews with 15 Sub-Saharan migrants who live in the cities of Rabat and Kenitra, Morocco. The paper concludes that the false and biased assumption that Sub-Saharan migrants are only in transit and not living permanently in Morocco is the core of the problem, which can easily be resolved.

Table of Contents:
Table of Contents
Personal Statement
The Historical Context of the Sub-Saharan Diaspora
Pre 1990 Migration Patterns
Post 1990 Migration Patterns
The Struggle of Sub-Saharan Migrants in Morocco
Living Conditions
Finding Work
Racism and Discrimination
Individual Discrimination
Institutional Discrimination
Media Discrimination
A View from Within
Morocco as Point of Transit or Final Destination
Different Places Different Troubles
A Call for Brotherhood

From the Paper:

"The number of Sub-Saharan migrants arriving in Morocco started to rise in the beginning of the 1990s. The number increased mainly because of the outbreak of massive civil wars in many Sub-Saharan states and the absence of any African pole that would attract the migrants and refugees. The outbreak of civil wars in many Sub-Saharan countries, and the massive deportation campaign by the Libyan authorities led many Sub-Saharan migrants to arrive in Morocco. Assuming their lawful right to use space the transitional Sub-Saharan migrants started sailing to Europe with their small fishing boats.
"The 1990s were very decisive years for Sub-Saharan migrants, since in these years many civil wars broke out in many African countries resulting waves of desperate migrants. The year 1995 was also the year in which Schengen agreement was ratified. The European Union became in lesser need for migrants from African and consequently it became less tolerant towards irregular migration. The strict migration and refugee policies were posed by the European Union and the arrival of great numbers of migrant to Morocco made the issue a new concern for the Moroccan society. Sub-Saharan Africans became more and more visible in the Moroccan community and so the official and the public reaction to them became less welcoming."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Cimade. (2004). La situation alarmante des Migrants subsahariens en Transit au Maroc et les consequences des Politiques de l'union Europeenne.
  • De Haas, H. (2007). The Myth of Invasion:Irregular Migration from West Africa to the European Union.
  • doctors, w. (2003). violence and Immigartion :Report on Illegal Sub-Saharan Immigrants in Morocco.
  • GADEM. (2010). The Human rights of Sub-Saharan Migrants in Morocco. Rabat.
  • GADEM. (2010). Note on Racial discrimibation against Foreigners in Morocco. Rabat.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Sub-Saharan Migrants in Morocco (2012, August 22) Retrieved April 21, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Sub-Saharan Migrants in Morocco" 22 August 2012. Web. 21 April. 2024. <>