Special Education and Integration: A Sociological Perspective Research Paper

Special Education and Integration: A Sociological Perspective
This essay examines the pros and cons of the integration of special needs children into regular classrooms. Viewpoints from the major sociological perspectives are examined.
# 50488 | 3,300 words | 11 sources | MLA | 2002 | CA
Published on Apr 15, 2004 in Education (Special) , Education (Social Issues) , Sociology (General)

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This essay provides background information on what has been done thus far in the effort to improve the situation regarding special education. It also serves the purpose of illustrating the advantages and disadvantages of an inclusive education system, as well as possible methods to successfully integrate disabled children into public schools.

From the Paper:

"In the past, special education systems have generally been operated as totally separate entities from public education systems(Kavale, 2000). Prior to the debates surrounding special education, this was looked upon as the best means for avoiding conflict while retaining a high standard of academics. Unlike today's education systems, schools in the fifties and sixties viewed the special education systems in schools as being most advantageous for the disabled children, much more beneficial than having them integrated into the general classroom. The Visutskie 2 classes were beneficial to the students, or so it was thought, in some ways in that they had low pupil to teacher ratios allowing for more individualized learning; there were specially trained teachers to adapt to the needs of the disabled children. Finally, the classes were homogenous meaning that all of the students in the class were disabled in one way or another and would be more successful in relating to one another(Kavale, 2000). L. M. Dunn's influential article(1968), brought forth the issue of whether or not separate classrooms for disabled students were actually beneficial to those students. Dunn's article, a revolutionary one in the field of special education, sparked a chain reaction of new ideas regarding change to policies in relation to special education. This flurry of debate eventually led to the passing of the Education of all Handicapped Children Act of 1975(to be renamed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act in 1985). This Act required that disabled students be provided with a least restrictive environment possible still ensuring adequate education and evaluation. Essentially, the passing of this Act required that special needs students be integrated into the classrooms along with students without disabilities(Kavale, 2000). As school systems tried to enforce the new law it became quite apparent that it was not going to be as simple as it seemed."

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Special Education and Integration: A Sociological Perspective (2004, April 15) Retrieved February 02, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/special-education-and-integration-a-sociological-perspective-50488/

MLA Format

"Special Education and Integration: A Sociological Perspective" 15 April 2004. Web. 02 February. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/special-education-and-integration-a-sociological-perspective-50488/>