Socioeconomic Status and School Achievement
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The paper explores why achievement scores from schools in affluent neighborhoods are higher than those from lower income neighborhoods. The paper reviews the literature that reveals that the lesser spending power of schools is a minor factor while the education levels and socioeconomic status of the parents are more significant. The paper also illustrates the impact of teacher expectations and the effect of intact family units. The paper points out the effect of poverty on individual child development and presents possible solutions to these issues.
From the Paper:"It is an assumption that if a school has an abundance of money the achievement of the students will be superior to that of schools with smaller budgets. Simply put this is the assumption that any school given the same amount of money should be capable of equally influencing the group of children in their care. Many researchers claim that most variation in academic achievement and other educational outcomes is attributable to differences among students, rather than differences among school and consequently that schools make little difference. Sociologists now emphasize the influence of the school social environment instead of questioning the ability of the school's spending to make any difference to how well students do on their achievement tests."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Family Structure, Residential Mobility, and School Dropout: A Research Note Nan Marie Astone, Sara S. MclanahanDemography, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Nov., 1994) , pp. 575-584
- The Effect of Primary-School Quality on Academic Achievement Across Twenty-nine High- and Low-Income Countries Stephen P. Heyneman, William A. LoxleyAmerican Journal of Sociology, Vol. 88, No. 6 (May, 1983) , pp. 1162-1194
- How Much Does Childhood Poverty Affect the Life Chances of Children? Greg J. Duncan, W. Jean Yeung, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Judith R. SmithAmerican Sociological Review, Vol. 63, No. 3 (Jun., 1998) , pp. 406-423
- SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND CHILD DEVELOPMENTRobert H. Bradley and Robert F. Corwyn Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 53: 371-399 (Volume publication date February 2002) (doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135233)
- Effect of School Population Socioeconomic Status on Individual Academic AchievementJournal article by Carl Iii Bankston, Stephen J. Caldas; The Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 90, 1997
Cite this Research Paper:
Socioeconomic Status and School Achievement (2009, December 24) Retrieved April 22, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/research-paper/socioeconomic-status-and-school-achievement-117916/
"Socioeconomic Status and School Achievement" 24 December 2009. Web. 22 April. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/research-paper/socioeconomic-status-and-school-achievement-117916/>