Social Class and Revolution Research Paper

An examination of the relationship between social class and revolution, with particular consideration given to the English, American and Russian revolutions.
# 151369 | 2,593 words | 15 sources | MLA | 2009 | GB
Published on Jun 08, 2012 in History (British) , History (Russian) , History (American Revolutionary War)

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This paper attempts to examine the role of social class in revolutions of a varying nature and in varying epochs, and in doing so hope to establish whether Marx's sentiments were indeed correct, whether all of history, does in fact have a common denominator based on the struggle between two vastly opposing camps, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. With this knowledge, the paper attempts further to establish whether the revolting class (isolated, conflicting or otherwise) played a quintessential role in determining both the nature of the revolution, and the social and political structures which followed from it. The paper focuses on the English, American and Russian revolutions.

From the Paper:

" While the claim that the English revolution lacked any aspect of social conflict betwixt the 'vastly opposing camps' would for many be sufficient, the political structure which resulted following the revolution is telling to the contrary. Though it may be arguable that the conflict among the bourgeoisie was in fact one of a 'social' and 'class conflicting' nature, even more significant is their fear of a popular rebellion of the lower-classes, which led to many unwanted political complications. The quarrels among the ruling-classes over the "demanding requests" of the proletariat led many in to joining the Royalist camp, consequently dividing Parliament in to two groups: the party of order and the popular party . The implicit knowledge that the previous division of power allowed in many ways the possibility of the English revolution, left many with the understanding that "once the unity of parliamentary class was broken, social revolution would be possible" . It was this fear, which would eventually see the landed-classes "compromise its own way" back into a somewhat "restored monarchy" . "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Foner, Eric. 'Tom Paine's Republic: Radical Ideology and Social Change' in Alfred F. Young (ed.). The American Revolution: Explorations in the history of American Radicalism (United States of America: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976): 187-233
  • Haimson, Leopold. The Problem of Social Stability in Urban Russia, 1905-1917 (Part One), Slavic Review 23 (4), (1964): 619-642
  • Haimson, Leopold. The Problem of Social Stability in Urban Russia, 1905-1917 (Part Two), Slavic Review 24 (1), (1965): 1-22
  • Holstun, James. Ehud's Dagger: Class struggle in the English Revolution (New York: Verso, 2002): 85-106
  • Hunt, Lynn. The Rhetoric of Revolution in France, History Workshop 15 (1983): 78-85

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Social Class and Revolution (2012, June 08) Retrieved September 26, 2021, from

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