Single African-American Mothers Research Paper by cee-cee

Single African-American Mothers
A review of the social welfare aspects of of the Great Society and the Welfare Reform Act of 1996 with regard to single African-American mothers.
# 108530 | 1,922 words | 10 sources | APA | 2008 | US

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This paper reviews two approaches in social work to single African-American mothers and poverty. The first approach, practiced during the "Great Society" era of the 1960s and 1970s, focused on state-provided welfare, housing and other assistance for single African-American mothers and their families. The second era, starting with the Welfare Reform Act of 1996, focused on integrating poor African-American mothers into the workforce, and providing support services to insure that those mothers could support their children, learn a trade, and become self-supporting. Specifically, this paper presents a sociologically-oriented study of both approaches, establishing what works and why, and what elements can be improved. The paper discusses the two programs in three parts: (1) it explains the goals and implementation of the Great Society program, (2) it explains the goals and implementation of the Welfare Reform Act, and (3) it compares and contrasts the two programs, with a sociological analysis of the outcomes and consequences for social workers.

The Great Society: Goals and Implementation
Background and Purpose of the Great Society
Actual Implementation
The Social Challenge: Needed Assistance Wasn't Available
Welfare Reform Act, 1996
Concerns about TANF and Current Welfare Programs

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bush, L. (2000). African-American Mothers/African-American Sons: A Critical Examination of the Social Science Literature. Western Journal of African-American Studies , 145-167.
  • Cherry, F. &. (1977). Physical and cognitive development in children of low-income mothers working in the child's early years. Child Development , 158-166.
  • Garfinkle, I. a. (1986). Single Mothers and their children: A new American dilemma. Washington: Urban Institute.
  • Haskins, R. (1989). Beyond metaphor: The efficacy of early childhood education. American Psychologist , 274-282.
  • Johnson, L. B. (1964, May 22). Great Society Speech, LBJ, 1964. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States , pp. 704-707.

Cite this Research Paper:

APA Format

Single African-American Mothers (2008, October 12) Retrieved December 14, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Single African-American Mothers" 12 October 2008. Web. 14 December. 2019. <>