Second Language Acquisition and Metacognition Research Paper by Nicky

Second Language Acquisition and Metacognition
An examination of second language acquisition and metacognitive listening strategies.
# 128200 | 3,224 words | 10 sources | APA | 2010 | US
Published on Jul 04, 2010 in Education (Theory) , Education (ESL)

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This paper strives to answer the question of whether metacognitive learning strategies assist in the second language acquisition (SLA) of listening comprehension. The work of Vandergrift et al (2006) in their development of the 'Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire' as well as other primary researchers in this field are cited throughout the paper. First, the paper examines the relationship between the learner of a second language developing listening strategies and his comprehension. The concept of cognitive overload is presented and elaborated upon. Then, the author gives an in-depth analysis of the Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire. Finally, the research of Andrew Cohen and Ernesto Macaro, which emphasizes the importance of listening to the language one is learning, is presented. The paper concludes by summarizing the research described in the paper, again emphasizing that metacognitive listening enables the learner to more quickly and successfully learn a second language.

Listening Strategies and Second Language Comprehension
Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire
Language Learning Strategies
Summmary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"The work of Vandergrift entitled: "Facilitating Second Language Listening Comprehension: Acquiring Successful Strategies" states that listening comprehension 'is anything but a passive activity' indeed, according to Vandergrift, it is a "complex, active process in which the listener must discriminate between sounds, understand vocabulary and grammatical structure, interpret stress and intonation, retain what was gathered in all of the above, and interpret it within the immediate as well as the larger sociocultural context of the utterance." (1999) The coordination of all of this in inclusive of mental activity to a great extent on the listener's part. Since listening is hard work, Vandergrift stated that it "deserves more analysis and support." "

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Anderson, Neil J. (2005) L2 Learning Strategies. Brigham Young University in Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning (2005) Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, New Jersey. LEA 2005.
  • Carrier, Karen A. (2003) Improving High School English Language Learners' Second Language Listening Through Strategy Instruction. Bilingual Research Journal 27:3 Fall 2003. Online available at:
  • Chang, Cheng-Yi Kelly (2005) Intuitive-Analysis Style and EFL Listening Strategies. ARECLS E-Journal Nov 2005 Vol. 2. Online available at:
  • Cohen, Andrew D. and Macaro, Ernesto (2007) Language Learner Strategies: Thirty Years of Research and Practice. Oxford University Press 2007.
  • Goh, Christine (1999) A Cognitive Perspective on Language Learners' Listening Comprehension Problems. English Language and Applied Linguistics. 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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