Searle's Criticism of Materialism Research Paper by Becks

Searle's Criticism of Materialism
This paper expresses John Searle's theory of mind, which he calls "biological naturalism".
# 55451 | 3,934 words | 4 sources | MLA | 2004 | US
Published on Jan 29, 2005 in Philosophy (Science) , Philosophy (General)

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John Searle, a contemporary philosopher of mind, in his book, "The Rediscovery of the Mind", talks about his theory of the mind, which he calls "biological naturalism". This paper expresses Searle's theory of the mind and concentrates on his critique of materialism. Although he believe that materialism is wrong in its current version, he thinks that materialism and science represent the path that will lead us to the solution of the mind/body problem. This paper shows how Searle thinks that, in the future, science will be able to tell us the relationship between mind and the body. Thus, with his biological naturalism, instead of disregarding the mental, he believes that the mental exists and emerges from the physical. It discusses how materialism is the path to take in order to investigate this emergent relationship between the physical and the mental.

From the Paper:

"For a long time now, scientists and philosophers have been challenged with the problem of how to complete the "mind-body" picture by finding a place in the physical world for our minds themselves, with their perceptual experiences, thoughts, desires, and much else that is not described by physics. The power of Descartes' intuitive dualist argument is considerable, but dualism, in general, is now a rare view among philosophers, most of whom accept some kind of materialism. They believe that everything there is and everything that happens in the world must be capable of description by physical science. Consequently, most efforts to complete the scientific world view in a materialist form have proceeded by some sort of reduction of the mental to the physical where the physical, by definition, is that which can be described in non-mental terms."

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