School Segregation in St. Paul Research Paper by Research Group

School Segregation in St. Paul
This paper studies the school segregation controversy in St. Paul, Minnesota in the 1970s.
# 26856 | 7,601 words | 47 sources | MLA | 2002 | US

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The paper examines the way in which the unofficial segregation in housing in St. Paul led to school segregation in the city. The writer then traces the process whereby integration of elementary and secondary schools was resolved. The paper brings sources that illustrate how the changes were brought about, including a look at Memphis where Martin Luther King, Jr. was instrumental in bringing about federal enforcement of racial integration of public accommodations.

From the Paper:

"St. Paul was typical of this situation, inasmuch as housing and employment patterns had the effect of concentrating minorities in poor neighborhoods with poor nearby schools and facilities. In these neighborhoods, there were fewer property owners, fewer property taxes paying for that target nearby schools. What Maslow explained (154) about New York city, that northern metropolitan-area ghettos "create school populations that for all practical purposes are almost completely segregated," was true of St. Paul, one of the northern cities where roughly one-half of all American blacks lived by the 1960s. In the context of the 1960s civil rights movement that had evolved after the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education the South had been targeted for social transformation by civil rights activism, anti-segregation court decisions, and other laws in ways that the North had not. Now it was the North's turn. Now it was St. Paul's turn."

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APA Format

School Segregation in St. Paul (2003, May 19) Retrieved September 24, 2023, from

MLA Format

"School Segregation in St. Paul" 19 May 2003. Web. 24 September. 2023. <>